Beekeeper' arthropathy (2022)


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Reumatología Clínica (English Edition)

Volume 16, Issue 2, Part 2,

March–April 2020

, Pages 177-179

(Video) Bees. Bee Venom Therapy. Apitherapy. Rheumatoid Arthritis. Polish Beekeeper. Beekeeping. Florida.USA


An acute inflammatory arthritis of unknown cause has been described in beekeepers in relation to their work with the hives. We present the case of a beekeeper who, after a bee sting, developed arthritis of the interphalangeal joint of the first finger of his left hand. Although the subacute clinical course and the magnetic resonance imaging findings required the differential diagnosis with an infectious process, the rest of the laboratory tests. Other imaging studies and the course, together with a history of a similar episode a few years earlier on a finger of the other hand after a bee sting, enabled us to diagnosis this condition.


En los apicultores se ha descrito una artropatía inflamatoria de etiología desconocida pero relacionada con su actividad profesional. Se expone el caso de un apicultor que tras la picadura de abeja presentó una artritis de la articulación interfalángica del primer dedo de la mano izquierda. Aunque el curso clínico subagudo y los hallazgos de la RMN obligaban a plantear el diagnóstico diferencial con un proceso infeccioso, el resto de pruebas analíticas, de imagen y la evolución, junto al antecedente de episodio similar unos años antes en un dedo de otra mano tras la picadura de abeja, permitió el diagnóstico de esta entidad.


A joint syndrome has been described in beekeepers which consists of a recurrent, non infectious arthritis, of the small joints of the hand after exposure to bee stings. We present the case of a beekeeper who was referred to us for examination and treatment for acute arthritis in the interphalangeal joint of the thumb of his left hand.

Section snippets

Clinical case

A 58-year-old beekeeper, with no history of interest presented at the surgery after a bee sting due to swelling and erythema in the interphalangeal joint (IP) of the thumb of his left hand, of 3-week onset (Fig. 1A). He did not present with a fever at any time. During anamnesis he also referred to the fact that after an insect (bee) sting 4 years ago he had also suffered from a similar previous inflammation of one finger of his right hand, for a month. In the plain X-ray the increases of soft


In beekeepers the appearance of episodes of arthritis in their work in hives has been described. The first case of the so-called “beekeeper's arthropathy” was published in Spain in 1989,1 after which broader series have been published like, for example, a descriptive clinical study in beekeepers in “The Siberian Extremadura”.2 It has been estimated that this condition may affect up to 32%–43% of them.3 The episodes consist of acute or subacute asymmetrical arthropathy, which affect one or


When faced with an acute or subacute episode of arthritis which affects the hands of a patient who works as a beekeeper we should bear in mind that this entity during differential diagnosis and question them about the background of the bee sting and whether they have suffered from any previous similar episodes.

Conflict of interests

The authors have no conflict of interests to declare.

References (5)

  • E. Villanueva-García et al.Artropatía del apicultor

    Rev Ortop Traumatol


  • J. Peña

    Avances en el estudio del síndrome artrítico de los apicultores

    Vida Apícola


There are more references available in the full text version of this article.

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© 2018 Elsevier España, S.L.U. and Sociedad Española de Reumatología y Colegio Mexicano de Reumatología. All rights reserved.


How effective is a beekeeper suit? ›

None of them are completely effective. A determined bee can sting through the material of a bee suit or find the one, small opening the beekeeper neglected to close before approaching the hive. Always remember to check for any bees clinging to your suit before you take it off after leaving the hives.

What is the moral of the beekeeper and the bees? ›

Measuring and recognizing accomplishments versus activities and giving feedback to the worker bees often improves the results of the hive. This is the moral to the story below.

How many bee hives do you need to make a profit? ›

Beekeepers with 300 or more hives are considered commercial beekeepers, and their beekeeping businesses can be very profitable. Many commercial beekeepers migrate their colonies to provide pollination services to farmers while simultaneously providing their bees with abundant nectar sources for honey production.

What questions should I ask a beekeeper? ›

Frequently Asked Beekeeping Questions
  • How Many Hives Should I Start With? ...
  • How Far Apart Should The Hives Bees From Each Other? ...
  • Which Direction Should Hives Face? ...
  • How Close To The House Can I Put My Hives? ...
  • What Should I Plant To Help My Bees? ...
  • Should I Buy Medication For My Bees? ...
  • How Much Honey Will I Get My First Year?

Can a bee sting through jeans? ›

Yes, bees can and will sting you through your clothes. You will be stung more easily through tight-fitting clothes or clothing items with very thin material. Thick, baggy clothing is the best way to avoid getting stung by bees.

Can Yellow jackets sting through bee suit? ›

The short answer is yes. But wearing a bee suit does, however, greatly lessen the chances of getting stung.

What life lessons can we learn from bees? ›

Three Important Life Lessons from Bees
  • Move slowly & breathe. When you're holding a frame of bees you have a whole world in your hands. ...
  • There's more to it than meets the eye. Each hive of bees has a queen. ...
  • Even our Bees Eat a Rainbow.

What lesson can we learn from bees? ›

They're harmonious and efficient communities where teamwork reigns. Perhaps it's safe to say that no human society has ever reached that level of unity. Therefore, this is one of the many lessons we can learn from bees. These small insects play a vital role in the balance of life on Earth.

Do beekeepers live longer? ›

Beekeepers live longer than anybody else. Bees have been of human interest for over 5000 years due to the benefits of honey (Association 2005).

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One person can manage between 100 to 150 hives while still working a full-time job. As a full-time beekeeper one person can manage between 500 to 800 bee colonies but would still require seasonal workers to assist with the honey harvest.

Is beekeeping a lucrative business? ›

Beekeeping is a profitable business and a honey bee farm can replace a full-time income of around $40,000. Although this can vary tremendously and it may make sense to keep bees for other reasons. There is certainly a range of potential profit, and the exact amount depends crucially on where you live.

Is beekeeping hard? ›

Beekeeping is not easy but the experience is both rewarding and fun. Beekeeping can be time consuming, expensive, physically demanding, and requires patience. There are many hazards your bees will face, such as pest infestation, parasites, predators and disease.

Can you put 2 beehives next to each other? ›

You can space a pair of hives as close to six inches from each other, but you need several feet of space around one or two sides in order to move equipment around as you're working the hives. Know what predators (man or beast) are in your area and what protection your bees will need.

How far away should you keep bees? ›

Even though each case is different, we can use some general estimates of a safe distance to be from the hive. For a honey bee colony with a calm temperature, give yourself at least 4 feet of clearance behind the hive and on each side if possible. At the hive entrance, an area of 25 feet is the best minimum.

Why do bees not sting beekeepers? ›

Why do bees not sting beekeepers? You may have seen some beekeepers work without any protection and experience no stings. This is because they work carefully to avoid crushing bees and setting off their alarm pheromones.

What attracts bees to a person? ›

Honey bees are attracted to sweet, sugary smells like those that come from soft drinks and fruits. They also enjoy the sweet scents of certain lotions, perfumes and hair products, especially those that resemble the aroma of flowers. You smell like sweat. Humans don't love the smell of sweat.

What should you wear to not get stung by a bee? ›

Clothing/ Bee Suits – Choose loose-fitting, long pants and a light-colored, long-sleeved shirt with a smooth finish. Khaki or chambray material works well for the shirt and khaki or faded jeans work fine as pants.

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What should I wear under a bee suit? ›

The clothing you wear under the beesuit also has a big influence – shorts and a T-shirt are much better than jeans and a fleece. And if you need to wear a fleece under your beesuit to provide protection against stings it's time to requeen the colony.

Are Tyvek suits bee proof? ›

For the most part no. However they are very hot (non breathable) and where they stick to your skin you will be able to get stung.

What do bees symbolize in Christianity? ›

"In Christian tradition , [the bee] is the emblem of Christ, of his forgiveness (through analogy with the sweetness of his honey), with his justice (through its sting), and Christian virtues (because of the exemplary way worker bees behave towards their queen" (Julien, 35).

What is special about the honey bee? ›

The honey bee is the only insect that produces food eaten by man. A honey bee can fly for up to six miles, and as fast as 15 miles per hour, hence it would have to fly around 90,000 miles -three times around the globe – to make one pound of honey. It takes one ounce of honey to fuel a bee's flight around the world.

Are bees disciplined? ›

They are disciplined and work as a team. A typical queen bee lays up to 2000 eggs a day to increase the hive population to 50,000 bees at the height of the summer when production should be in full swing. By varying her pheromones, the queen effectively controls the hive.

How does the poet describe the duty consciousness of the bees? ›

The poet says that the bees are very duty conscious. They complete their duties in a proper order. They are very sincere and hardworking. They set an example for humans to work properly.

What is a soldier bee? ›

Scientists have discovered the first known "soldier" bee. The bee, which is larger and heavier than other worker bees in its nest and defends the entrance, has been identified in colonies of a Brazilian stingless bee known as a Jatai.

What can you teach children about bees? ›

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  • Talk to a Local Beekeeper. The best place to go for information about bees is, well, where someone's job is to take care of bees. ...
  • Plan a Bee Walk. ...
  • Conduct a Honey Taste Test. ...
  • Practice Drawing Bees. ...
  • Teach the Bee Waggle Dance.
Oct 14, 2019

How bees work together for kids? ›

Busy Bees! | Bumblebees and Honeybees | SciShow Kids - YouTube

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Beekeeping as a profession has suffered by attrition as beekeepers (with an average age now exceeding 60), retire or give up due to the increased risks and complexities of their livelihood.

Do beekeepers become immune to bee stings? ›

Research shows that frequent bee stings stimulate the immune system to make these protective IgG antibodies. So, many beekeepers do have higher baseline IgG levels9, becoming desensitized on their own.

What career has the longest life expectancy? ›

The teaching domain is characterized by the longest life expectancy, i.e., 18.3 years for men and 23.1 years for women. For men, the difference amounts to 3.6 years; for women, this is 3.1 years. In-between are, in ascending order, the non-skilled general, technical, administrative, care, and agriculture domains.

How much honey does a 10 frame hive produce? ›

With a traditional 10 frame deep box a strong hive will produce 80 to 100 lbs of honey. A super or medium box is likely to produce 40 to 60 lbs of honey since its smaller than a deep box.

How much are queen bees worth? ›

(All Prices Include Complimentary Queen Marking)
100+ Queens$33$30
54 – 99 Queens$36$32
27 – 53 Queens$38$34
11 – 26 Queens$40$36
1 more row

How many bee hives is too many? ›

Most new beekeepers should not begin with more than 4 hives. However, 1 person could manage many more beehives with a lot of time to spare. I once had 26 but I don't recommend it.

Is beekeeping ethical? ›

Honey is only as good as the beekeepers who extract it.

The three types of beekeepers that use ethical practices are Balanced Beekeepers, Natural Beekeepers, and Biodynamic Beekeepers. Balanced beekeepers wait until honey is in excess, typically during the spring season, to avoid stealing the bees' needed food supply.

How much money does a hive make in a year? ›

A typical beehive in the United States can produce anywhere from 10 to 200 pounds of honey in a year.

Can you make a living as a beekeeper? ›

The short answer is yes, and beekeeping for profit extends far beyond simply selling your own honey. In fact, there are many ways to make money with beekeeping that most new and for-profit beekeepers aren't aware of.

Is a beekeeping suit necessary? ›

No they are not necessary. But get at least an inspection jacket. And keep with you. Even the most gentle bees have their days during a dearth and after a predator stops by to see them.

Are bee suits sting proof? ›

Will bees sting through a bee suit? No matter how careful you are, or what you wear, if your working bees you will get stung. A bee suit offers you good protection against stings, but it's not sting proof only sting resistant. Although, it is better than getting a full unprotected sting.

Do you need a suit for bee keeping? ›

A pair of coveralls with elastic cuffs and wrist bands — The cuffs and bands may need to be inserted after buying the coveralls. Bee suits are also worth consideration because they incorporate a number of protective features. Most beekeepers wear khaki or white coveralls.

Will a bee suit protect from Hornets? ›

The Complete Professional Bee Suit can protect against most stinging and biting insects including wasps, hornets and spiders.

Why do beekeepers wear white? ›

As a result, it is thought that overtime bees have learnt to dislike dark coloured animals who approach their hives. Therefore by wearing white, a beekeeper can approach and open the hive without the bees becoming defensive and attacking, decreasing the chances of the beekeeper being attacked/stung.

Why do beekeepers not wear gloves? ›

Gloves are a useful way to avoid stings. Some beekeepers choose not to wear them, because they can limit dexterity. If you're inspecting a hive or want to get near one, make sure: Your suit or jacket's zippers are completely closed.

What can I use instead of a bee suit? ›

jeans with a long-sleeved, zip-up turtleneck and veil. a painter's suit from Home Depot. a Tyvek suit from Home Depot (these offer good sting protection but are also hot) surgical scrubs with duct tape or elastic at wrists and ankles.

Do beekeepers get stung a lot? ›

Beekeepers spend a lot of time around thousands of bees at once, yet they somehow avoid getting stung quite often. In fact, a majority of beekeepers might only get stung a few times per year, usually no more than ten times.

What can bees not sting through? ›

Bees won't be able to sting you through thick nylon or metal gauze as long as it's strong, stiff, and supported away from your face.

What is a beekeepers hat called? ›

The protective head covering beekeepers wear is called a hat and veil. It consists of a hat with a wide brim, with mesh hanging down to your shoulders.

Why does smoking calm bees? ›

Smoke masks bees' sense of smell and prevents the transfer of intruder alarm signals. Smoke fools bees into thinking there is a forest fire, so they essentially get drunk on honey, which calms them.

What do you call a person who keeps bees? ›

Word forms: beekeepers

countable noun. A beekeeper is a person who owns and takes care of bees.

What smell do wasps don't like? ›

Wasps have a strong sense of smell, which they use to find food sources. You can take advantage of this trait by using scents they dislike, such as peppermint, lemongrass, clove, and geranium essential oils, vinegar, sliced cucumber, bay leaves, scented herbs, and geranium flowers.

Can a red wasp sting through a bee suit? ›

The Complete Professional Bee Suit can protect against most stinging and biting insects including wasps, hornets and spiders.

What clothes can wasps not sting through? ›

Bees and wasps instinctively perceive dark colors as a threat. Wear white, tan, cream, or gray clothing as much as possible and avoid black, brown, or red clothes.

An acute inflammatory arthritis of unknown cause has been described in beekeepers in relation to

See more SNIP measures contextual citation impact by wighting citations based on the total number of citations in a subject field.. We present the case of a beekeeper who, after a bee sting, developed arthritis of the interphalangeal joint of the first finger of his left hand.. Other imaging studies and the course, together with a history of a similar episode a few years earlier on a finger of the other hand after a bee sting, enabled us to diagnosis this condition.. We present the case of a beekeeper who was referred to us for examination and treatment for acute arthritis in the interphalangeal joint of the thumb of his left hand.. The first case of the so-called “beekeeper's arthropathy” was published in Spain in 1989, 1 after which broader series have been published like, for example, a descriptive clinical study in beekeepers in “The Siberian Extremadura”.. ConclusionWhen faced with an acute or subacute episode of arthritis which affects the hands of a patient who works as a beekeeper we should bear in mind that this entity during differential diagnosis and question them about the background of the bee sting and whether they have suffered from any previous similar episodes.. Med Clin (Barc), 105 (1995), pp.

What to know for successful pollination by honey bees

Vigorous well-nourished colonies are able to withstand bee diseases and parasites better than poorly nourished colonies.. Consumable – honey bees should be readily able to eat and consume the supplemental feed; Absorbable – honey bees should be able to digest and absorb the supplemental feed, and; Nutritious – it should contain the necessary and vital ingredients for bee health.. Consider making colony increases by shaking package bees from your own colonies.. Let bees do their job, place hives as to limit human and honey bee interaction.. Negotiate rental fee, number of colonies per acre, frames of bees per colony, and payment schedule.

Introducción. Se ha detectado entre los apicultores la aparición de episodios de

Coincidiendo con el incremento de la actividad apícola en diversas zonas de España, se ha observado una creciente aparición de episodios de artritis, exclusivamente restringidos a los apicultores y relacionados con la realización de determinados trabajos en las colmenas1,2.. Se presentan tres casos de artropatía del apicultor tras recibir picaduras de abejas en las articulaciones interfalángica proximal del pulgar, metacarpofalángica del índice e interfalángica distal del quinto dedo.. Estudio radiográfico del pulgar, en el que se observa un pinzamiento de la articulación interfalángica con destrucción de la epífisis de la falange proximal.. En abril de 1998, tras recibir múltiples picaduras de abejas en ambas manos, aparecieron signos inflamatorios en la articulación metacarpofalángica del segundo y tercer dedos de la mano izquierda.. El paciente recordaba el comienzo del proceso aproximadamente una semana después del episodio de picadura de las abejas.. La analítica era normal.. Paciente de 31 años de edad, hija del paciente presentado en el caso 2, en tratamiento con metotrexato por padecer una artritis reumatoide seronegativa desde el año 1995.. En el mes de abril de 1998, tras recibir varias picaduras de abejas en la mano derecha en el mismo episodio que su padre, presentó signos inflamatorios, dolor y movilidad limitada en la articulación interfalángica distal del quinto dedo de la mano.. mellifera o abeja común, es la más abundante en España y la más utilizada en apicultura2.. De los apicultores estudiados, el 8,9% había sufrido el primer episodio el mismo año en que comenzaron a trabajar con las colmenas, el 26,7% durante los 3 primeros años y el 50% durante los 8 primeros años de actividad apícola.. Las articulaciones más afectadas son las interfalángicas proximales, entre un 59,8% y un 40%1,3, seguidas de las interfalángicas distales en un 34%1,3.. En relación con la tercera posibilidad, solamente en 3 de los casos descritos de artritis del apicultor se ha aislado un germen.. Los autores que han descrito esta enfermedad creen que no existe relación entre la artritis del apicultor y los microtraumatismos de repetición3.

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[Allergy to bee and wasp venoms.. The interaction of bee melittin with lipid bilayer membranes.. De Man JG, De Winter BY, Seerden TC, De Schepper HU, Herman AG, Pelckmans. Relation between various phospholipase actions on human red cell membranes and. Phospholipase B in snake venoms and bee venom.. Isolation and structure analysis of bee venom mast cell degranulating peptide.. Albumin mediates lysis of erythrocytes by bee venom phospholipase A2 activated. Activation of bee venom phospholipase A2 by oleoyl imidazolide.. The preparation of activated bee venom phospholipase A2.. venom peptides, melittin and mastoparan.. enzymatically active honey bee venom phospholipase A2.

Beekeeping is increasingly more frequently being taken up as an amateur hobby. This can be attributed to many factors, ranging from increased awareness of the…

It certainly casts bees as one of the more benign creatures on our planet that both the care of them and their produce hold potential health benefits for humans.. Perhaps the most famous health benefits that come along with beekeeping are those that come from the honey itself, a beekeeper’s primary product.. Honey is one of the nutritional benefits of beekeeping that dovetails with the psychological benefits, as being present at every stage of its development makes the end result profoundly satisfying.. Propolis is made from tree sap, which bees collect and mix with other substances to create a thick substance which is used to coat their hives.. Although not a food for bees, it is another substance sold as a health food and dietary supplement.. As pollen itself can vary in composition from flower to flower, and because bees will add further substances such as nectar, enzymes, honey, and wax, bee pollen can have an extremely variable composition.. From honey and royal jelly to propolis and pollen, the super healthy bee products that you can harvest from your hives do not stop there.. An amateur beekeeper can expect some honey after a couple of years but, if you are in the business of expansion, the sky’s the limit as you create new hives, trap new swarms, and generally try to increase production of honey and the other substances mentioned above.

Learn more about BEE VENOM uses, effectiveness, possible side effects, interactions, dosage, user ratings and products that contain BEE VENOM.

Disney store online is now shopDisney, the ultimate Disney shopping destination!. Shop Captain Marvel merchandise like t-shirts, costumes, action figures, collectibles and more at shopDisney.. Gmail Student Email Office 365 Employee Email myOleMiss University Portal Blackboard Learning Management System.. Google Applications.. Dịch vụ miễn phí của Google dịch nhanh các từ, cụm từ và trang web giữa tiếng Việt và hơn 100 ngôn ngữ khác.. Account Dialog - ... Disney account. Plan you week with the help of our 10-day weather forecasts and weekend weather predictions for Marcignago, Lombardy, IT. 4 beds, 1333 sq.. EXCELLENT FAMILY HOME!. 4 BEDROOMS, 2 BATHS, LIVING ROOM WITH FIREPLACE, O.... USA Europe Africa & The Middle East Asia Australia & The Pacific Canada Caribbean Mexico & Central America South America.. Cruise Overview Cruise News Cruising 101 Line & Ship Directory.

La mayoría de las personas relacionan a las abejas con la miel o el polen. Pero otros productos de las abejas (veneno de abeja) podrían ser valiosos en el tratamiento de ciertas enfermedades.

La mayoría de las personas relacionan a las abejas con la miel o el polen.. Y aunque estos efectos medicinales todavía no se han probado científicamente, en los últimos años, se ha estado estudiando el uso del veneno de abeja para tratar varias dolencias (apiterapia).. En tiempos más modernos, el interés en los efectos del veneno de abeja se reanudó en la década de 1860, con la publicación de un estudio clínico llevado a cabo en Europa sobre su efecto en el reumatismo.. Sin embargo, otro estudio realizado ese mismo año sí mostró que el veneno de abeja podría ser efectivo en el tratamiento de la artritis .. Además de la artritis, se pretende que el veneno de abeja sea útil para tratar lo siguiente:. La mayoría de estos doctores inyectan el veneno de abeja a través del método menos doloroso de una jeringa, usando el veneno de abeja que se cultiva de las abejas.. Aunque sólo un pequeño porcentaje de la población es alérgica al veneno de abeja, no obstante es imperativo (ya sea que reciba apiterapia de abejas vivas o a través de una jeringa) que la persona que administre el veneno tenga un equipo para el tratamiento de picaduras de abeja en el sitio y sepa cómo usarlo.


1. #213 Colin has new painkilling arthritis drug and bees out and about
(My Garden and the Dinosaurs Who Live There)
2. Dr. Max Gomez: Bee Therapy For Arthritis
(CBS New York)
3. Do you dare to treat arthritis with beesbee bees orginal beekeeper
(Bee Bee)
4. Beekeeper and bee stings
5. Beekeeper talks about the benefits of Apitherapy
(Mallory Anne)
6. Bee venom and how beekeepers can be prepared for the inevitable sting
(Summit County Beekeepers, Ohio)

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