Table of Contents
Ancient Boxing Gloves
Humans have been competing against each other using their hands since the start of time. The first depiction of humans using material to protect their hands dates back to around 1500 BC.
In Ancient Greece in 668BC they used Leather hand wrappings to protect the boxers wrists at the Olympic Games and these wrappings developed over time, adding more layers and to include objects like metal and concrete intended to inflict damage on their opponent and became referred to as Cletus which carried over into the Roman times.
Boxing became a one shot show with these Cletus ‘Ancient Knuckledusters’ and combatants also got protection on their arms when fighting in this way, as when one blow landed it was usually over and fights ended when a fighter raised a finger to signal defeat. The concept of rounds did not exist until the late 18th century.
Early Thai Form Of Boxing Gloves/Wraps
Asia and the Ancient East also had their own forms of boxing where elbows, knees and kicks were also allowed. Muay Boran was the early form of what is now called Muay Thai and it was developed to protect the country from invaders in ancient times.
Thai soldiers in the ancient province of Siam, held two swords and were trained in ancient Muay Thai. If they dropped their swords, they would continue to fight with their hands, legs, knees and elbows.
Muay Boran was the bareknuckle boxing of Muay Thai and fighters used ropes to protect their arms, wrists and knuckles in a form of hand wrap/glove which wasn’t very forgiving for the opponent you were fighting.
Muay Boran is also still around to this day but it is mostly used for exhibition bouts and modern Muay Thai includes western style boxing gloves with 8oz and 10oz used in contest.
Jack Broughton Invents the Boxing Gloves Or ‘Mufflers’
Boxing became popular again in the 18th century, where it was bare knuckle fighting and it was a poor man’s sport.
The modern day boxing glove wouldn’t surface until around 1773, invented by Jack Broughton who is considered the father of boxing by many. The gloves wouldn’t gain acceptance for a long time in the boxing ring but were used for training and sparring.
These first gloves were known as ‘mufflers’ and their use in boxing was considered unmanly in boxing contests but it made the sport more accessible to the higher classes who could now train effectively without damaging their hands, faces and opponents. Since they weren’t being marked up, they could train more.
Un-Gloved Or Bare knuckle Boxing Reigns Supreme
In the UK and introduced to the US by the Irish immigrants, bare knuckle fighting was the most popular form of combat at that time.
Bare knuckle fighting differed from street fighting in the sense that there were a number of rules such as not hitting a man when his down and given fighters standing counts before they continued.
Bare knuckle involved the bare knuckles with no padding being used and James Figg being the first recognised champion in 1719.
Bare knuckle fights had no gloves and this form of competition was extremely popular all the way into the 20 century with John L Sullivan being a prime heavyweight champion in bareknuckle as well as padding glove contests.
Introduction Of Gloves
The Marquess Of Queensbury Rules originated in London in 1865 and were published in 1867 as the first set of rules that mandated the use of padded gloves. The Queensbury rules of boxing took over from the London Prize Ring Rules which advocated for no padding of the fists.
The Queensbury rules would go on to form the basis of what we know now as boxing and the evolution of the gloves from this point has been marked with many changes.
While Bare Knuckle fights continued for many decades under the London Prize Ring Rules, Queensbury rules were eventually adopted by the US and Canada around the turn on the 19th century in 1897.
Queensbury Rules stipulated that the gloves be of fair size, good quality and new and while we know have respected weights for the gloves, it was a far less exact science back then.
John L. Sullivan fought the last bare knuckle Title fight in the USA in 1889 when he knocked out Jake Kilrain following 3 hours of intense fighting. He also fought the first gloved championship contest against James Corbett in 1892 where the used 5 oz gloves and Corbett came out victorious.
The Original Boxing Gloves
The original boxing gloves were far lighter than the current 8 or 10oz gloves that are used today. They weighed in at about 2 oz and consisted of dark brown tanned leather and they were skin tight.
Padding Is Added
More padding in the form of horse hair,& cottone are added to the gloves quite quickly and they reach 5oz in weight. The padding that was added was made from horsehair which didn’t do the best job of protecting the hands against the heavy bag or your opponents and they are often still referred to as punchers gloves as they allow you to cause more damage. The horse hair and cotton used made the gloves much bigger than what we would be used to today with more compact materials being commonplace.
Thomas Edison Changes The Game
Thomas Edison invented what we now know as the television and he brought in two cat boxers to perform live while he recorded the action of his new device.
Showing boxing live in this way spread like wildfire and by the 1950’s boxing was on televisions all over the USA and the originally tanned leather gloves were traded in for red gloves to hide the blood and make the sport more mainstream for the Gillette big Friday fight nights which were wildly popular on network television and paved the way for modern day Pay-Per-View Boxing
Boxing Gloves 1900 – 1950
These were big and puffy designs so they could hold the desired weight of cotton and horsehair for padding which didn’t offer the best protection for the fighter, their hands or their opponents but they were a big step up from training and fighting without gloves which caused awful marking, cuts and bruises.
Modern Day Boxing Gloves
The change from horsehair to foam in the late 1950’s into the 60’s was the biggest change we saw in boxing gloves between their use in mainstream boxing and the modern glove. In the early 20th century, the gloves were getting bigger and bigger to fit all the horsehair and cotton that was in their but the use of foam allowed the gloves to be smaller and more compact while still offering the same levels protection for the hands and the face.
Today, the boxing rules in the USA state that a professional boxing bout must happen within a ring by contestants wearing 8 – 10 oz gloves and that is what we see in professional boxing with the lighter weights using 8oz gloves and the heavyweights using the 10’s. There are also a ton of brands to pick between from Everlast to Title, Ring or Adidas.
There is some debate as to whether using gloves is actually even safer for the fighters at all these days but the theory goes that the more weight is in the gloves, the safer your hands And the opponent will be.
Modern day boxing gloves also come in many different variations when you consider, Sparring gloves, bag gloves, pad gloves, MMA gloves and Muay Thai gloves .
Sparring Gloves & Training Gloves
Most boxers and fighters I know today will have 2 pairs of boxing gloves and some will have 3 or more.
Everyone should have a pair of 16oz sparring gloves if you are sparring. These will cushion the blows between you and your gym mates while you spar with each, protecting the hands and the face to allow you to train more comfortably, try new techniques and encourage comradery in the gym.
Sparring with smaller gloves may lead to broken noses, lost teeth and cuts especially if you are going a bit harder as a fight gets closer.
The other pair most fighters will have is a pair of training gloves that they use for hitting pads, hitting bags and everything else that they do. The training gloves should be 10 oz or 12 oz depending on what you are most comfortable with.
Gloves for fights are usually provided so these 2 pairs should do the trick for you if you are serious about boxing.
Some people will also want bag gloves with a velcro strap and lace up gloves for hitting the pads to make sure they get the full fight feel when doing rounds with their trainer.
Other will also like very small bag gloves to get their hands moving faster and more enjoyment out of hitting the bags.
Muay Thai Gloves
Muay Thai Gloves are also extremely popular and they usually differ from boxing gloves in that the straps will be made with clinching in mind. This means that you will grabbing your opponents head and neck, locking for openings to land knees and elbows up close. This is not allowed in boxing and you don’t want the Velcro strap roughing up your opponents neck, so muay thai gloves will often be designed in a slightly different way to suit the rules of Muay Thai which also allows hammer fists.
MMA Gloves are far different from boxing gloves in that the fighters need to use their fingers for grappling. MMA Gloves tend to be much lighter at around 4oz to 6oz and while these cause more knockouts, the evidence tends to suggest that repeated blows with more padded gloves is worse for the brain then being Kod immediately with a lighter glove.
MMA Fighters also need training and sparring gloves as when they are in sparring they don’t want to damage their opponents but they also need flexibility for their fingers.
The Return Of Bare Knuckle Boxing
Bare Knuckle boxing is also making a huge comeback in the USA with the promotion Bare Knuckle FC recently hosting a huge grudge match between Artem Lobov and Paulie Malignaggi which was hotly contested.
Bare Knuckle Fights now have rounds as opposed to 1 round until somebody can’t get up anymore and this is much safer for the fighters and it might even be safer than boxing.
The pay days for Bare Knuckle FC are quite high so expect to see more big Bare Knuckle fights in 2020.
Since then all the big changes to boxing gloves have gone internal. They gained a few ounces over the years, but the recent revolution in boxing gloves is all in the padding. Even in Ali's time, gloves were still padded with the same horsehair Jack Broughton had used.
The modern boxing glove was invented in 1743, the brainchild of Englishman Jack Broughton.
However, many boxers still chose to fight with bare knuckles until 1867 when gloves were mandated by the Marquess of Queensberry Rules. Modern boxing gloves started showing up towards end of the 1890s.
When boxing first appeared in the Olympics in 688 B.C., Greek fighters wrapped their hands with oil-softened oxhide leather strips called himantes. Those evolved into a cestus, which is the ancient form of a boxing glove as we know it today.
Early years. Boxing first appeared as a formal Olympic event in the 23rd Olympiad (688 bce), but fist-fighting contests must certainly have had their origin in mankind's prehistory. The earliest visual evidence for boxing appears in Sumerian relief carvings from the 3rd millennium bce.
Jack Broughton in 1743 invented the modern gloves. At first these gloves were used for self-defense instruction classes, think punching bags and padded walls.
Fighting or competition gloves are used in boxing fight nights. The boxing gloves weight is usually 8oz, 10oz or 12oz, depending on the type of fight or promoter. The two types of fighting boxing gloves are lace ups and general gloves.
Boxing is one of the oldest known sports today, with 2,000-year-old depictions on the walls of tombs in Egypt and stone carvings indicating that Sumerians—who lived in what is now Iraq—boxed at least 5,000 years ago. Boxing got its start as an exhausting and brutal spectacle.
The skin of a boxing glove is top grain tanned leather, most often cowhide or goatskin because of their durability and flexibility. Lesser-quality gloves will be made from vinyl, but most sanctioning bodies—amateur and professional—require leather gloves.
A boxer typically punches the heavy bag while wearing hand wraps and boxing gloves. However, hitting the bag with bare knuckles has certain advantages. Punching the bag without wraps or gloves can toughen the skin while strengthening the bones, muscles and connective tissue of your hands.
Professional bare-knuckle boxing was never legal under any federal or state laws in the United States until Wyoming became the first to legalize on March 20, 2018.
The sport gets its name from the noun box, “a blow, as with the hand or hist,” and verb box, “to strike with the hand or fist.” Box is recorded as early as the 1300s, and its ultimate obscure is origin.
When to Wear Gloves. Gloves help keep your hands clean and lessen your chance of getting germs that can make you sick. Wear gloves every time you touch blood, bodily fluids, bodily tissues, mucous membranes, or broken skin.
On many models, the back halve of the thumb piece is cut as part of the knuckle piece, and the inner half is sewn onto the knuckle and palm pieces. On others, the thumb is stitched together separately; its lining is attached, and its padding is stuffed. The assembled thumb piece is then stitched onto the glove.
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The new rule changed the sport. It was more effective to land clear (usually single) punches, the main target being the head (a blow to the head was more easily scored by the judges than one to the body), with no importance set on the power of the blow. In this way the sport became less aggressive.
|Height||6 ft 1⁄2 in (184.2 cm)|
|Reach||74 in (188 cm)|
|Born||March 31, 1878 Galveston, Texas, U.S.|
Boxing (also known as "Western boxing" or "pugilism") is a combat sport in which two people, usually wearing protective gloves and other protective equipment such as hand wraps and mouthguards, throw punches at each other for a predetermined amount of time in a boxing ring.
8oz – 10oz: Common for competitive boxers who compete in main events. 12oz: Common for women and those with small hands for training. 14oz – 16oz: Common for people of the average size used for training. 18oz – 20oz: Used for people in larger weight classes for training.
Types of Gloves Explained – Nitrile, Chloronite, Latex, Vinyl, Butyl Rubber and Neoprene. Protection against contact with hazardous materials is important for everyone's health and safety. Work sites often have many chemicals, substances or materials that can cause skin damage and/or provoke allergic reactions.
Let's start with ounces. Boxing gloves generally come in 10, 12, 14, 16, and 18 ounces, which allow you to progress from focus mitts to heavy bag workouts to sparring (generally 16 to 18 oz and above). For hitting pads or a heavy bag, gloves that are 12 oz and below are your best options.
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When it comes time to throw down for real, however, boxing gloves afford them considerable protection for their hands. Although gloves translate to reduced speed and impact compared to a bare first, their use represents a fair trade because boxers can strike as hard as they can without the fear of breaking their hands.
It's very important that your gloves are a cosy fit. Your hands should be in a curved position with your thumb separated from your four fingers. This position should feel like a semi clenched fist with your knuckles positioned at the upper part of the glove. The glove should feel tight, yet comfortable and light.
The number of ounces refers to the weight of each glove, which indicates how much padding remains between your hand and the opponent (or the punching bag). Generally, a lighter boxing glove is more well-suited for practice, while a heavier glove is better for fighting or sparring.
Without gloves, the momentum a punch can carry may result in heavy damage and a severe injury to your opponent. The larger area due to the boxing gloves reduces the impact of the shock, thus helping to protect an opponent from any serious injuries.
Without, you hit the bag at an angle that's dangerous to these bones -- so dangerous that a particular kind of hand fracture is called a "boxer's break." If you feel sharp pain in the bones of your hand, stop punching immediately and check with your trainer or doctor.
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The sport is not illegal - but it is unregulated, with no official watchdog. Where police disperse fights, they tend to be ones held outside, broken up on public order grounds. Meanwhile councils and venues are allowing indoor events to go ahead - not just in Greater Manchester, but at London's O2 Arena.
As recently as 2016 the Florida State Boxing Commission advised in no uncertain terms that BKB is illegal in the State with the authority noting that “Bare-knuckle fighting is illegal in Florida. As such, the Florida State Boxing Commission will not sanction a bare-knuckle fighting event.
adjective, adverb. with the fists bare: a fierce, barefisted fight; to fight barefisted. GOOSES.
The origin of the term remains debatable, but 'Boxing' most probably derives from the sport's original Latin name 'Pugilism'. For its part, the term 'Boxer' derivates from its Latin origin 'Pugil', which is related to 'Pugnus', meaning 'Fist'.
Known as a 'ring' due to its history of beginning as a circle on the ground, the name 'squared circle' became a common term for a boxing ring after a squared ring was introduced in the 1830s under the new London Prize Ring Rules.
Points Decision (PTS) A decision reached generally from one judge, often being the referee in contests lasting 8 rounds or less, and often in non-title UK bouts. You can find the meaning of every kind of decision in our Boxing Result Guide section.
Only four brands of sterile latex surgeon's gloves proved nonpermeable to water and blood. Other brands showed leakage that ranged from 1% to 52%.
Conclusions These findings suggest that in protecting against blood transmission in the context of needlestick injuries, single layer nitrile gloves are superior to single layer latex gloves, but double gloving with latex gloves provides better protection than either single layer latex or nitrile.
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|Boxer's Weight||Hand Circumference Without Wrap||Weight Size|
|84+ kg||8.5” – 9.5”||14 oz.|
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The outer layer is a synthetic sponge foam. The central layer is an medium density EVA foam which is very durable and almost never breaks down. The inner foam is a high density synthetic foam which is very comfortable. Under the inner foam is a 10mm extra foam sheet for extra protection for the knuckles.