Paragard and Prolonged Bleeding: Here's What You Should Know • Drugwatcher.org (2022)

October 15, 2021/ Erica Davies / News / 0 comments

Copper IUDs like Paragard tend to be cause heavier and more painful periods. In fact, these very reasons may cause a woman to have it removed earlier than planned.

But lately, the IUD is becoming a more popular choice of birth control among women. In the United States, 5.3% of women choose to use an IUD.

Only a few things, however, are certain about the intrauterine device (IUD). For one thing, they’re known to be 99% effective at preventing pregnancy. But everyone’s body is different. Therefore, everyone’s experience may also vary.

And for some, results were undesirable. For instance, women who opted for the Paragard copper IUD experienced serious side effects after receiving the device.

But what really caught them off guard was finding out that the device is prone to breaking inside their bodies during removal. When this happens, dangerous side effects and injuries follow. As a result, several Paragard users have already filed a Paragard lawsuit to hold the copper IUD’s manufacturer accountable for releasing a potentially defective device to the market.

In general, many side effects, from mild to rare yet serious, are associated with the copper IUD. But little is known about how these side effects might change over time. Below are more things you should know about this type of IUD.

How does a copper IUD affect your period?

Copper IUDs work by releasing copper ions into your cervix. This creates an environment that’s too hostile for the sperm to survive. Copper IUDs cause heavier, longer, periods and spotting between menstrual periods.

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More cramping should also be expected with the use of Paragard. You’re more likely to observe changes in your menstrual cycle within the first three months after IUD insertion. This means that if you still experience heavy bleeding with Paragard three weeks after insertion, this should still be normal.

Common side effects within this period include:

  • Irregular bleeding
  • More cramping
  • Random spotting

Most women have their regular periods back after the three-month mark. Copper IUDs don’t contain hormones, so there will almost be no changes in the timing of your periods. However, expect your flow to be heavier than before you had the device implanted.

Talk to your doctor if your periods are uncomfortable or if you’re still bleeding heavily after six months.

Why Your Menstrual Flow Becomes Heavier

The heavier menstrual flow you’re experiencing with your copper IUD may be due to vascular changes that regulate blood flow to the uterus. In some studies, these changes in blood flow were found to be greater in copper IUD users who experience heavy menstrual bleeding compared to people using a copper IUD with normal menstrual bleeding.

After receiving a birth control copper IUD, 6 out of 10 reported increased cramping while 7 out of 10 reported increased bleeding within the first three months of use.

For individuals who have increased bleeding, there’s an increased risk of developing anemia because of excessive blood loss. On the other hand, among copper IUD users who experience increased irregular bleeding, there may be a heightened risk of bacterial vaginosis. This condition is an infection fo the vagina and results from the overgrowth of bacteria that’s naturally found in the vagina.

Paragard Expulsion

IUD expulsion occurs when the device partially or completely falls out of your uterus. Although this is considered rare, it can cause a great amount of discomfort and pain once it happens.

Furthermore, Paragard may also lose its contraceptive abilities if it’s not correctly positioned in your uterus. To make sure that your IUD is still in place, your doctor will advise you to check its strings at least once a month following insertion.

A Paragard IUD has strings attached to it. When the device is in place, its strings will hang two inches from your uterus down to your vagina. To check for your IUD strings, you should wash your hands first. Then, feel for the strings using your clean fingers.

A sign that your Paragard IUD may not be correctly positioned is if the strings feel different than usual. For instance, if the strings feel shorter or longer compared to when you last checked them. Another possible sign that your IUD moved is if you could feel the plastic in the device.

If your IUD fell out of your uterus, you may have an increased risk of being pregnant. In this case, you should use a backup birth control.

Do copper IUD side effects decrease over time?

Paragard is the only copper IUD available in the United States. It’s generally known to be a safe and long-acting form of birth control. It can prevent pregnancy for up to 10 years after insertion.

However, according to a report, some of its rather common side effects, including increased bleeding and pain, can cause up to 15% of its users to have the device removed within just a year of use.

Another study also indicated that during periods, side effects like bleeding and pain decreased over time. However, in between periods, complaints about spotting and pain remained unchanged. Some serious side effects that also prompted a visit to the clinic were also found to have a varied pattern over time.

The report concluded that copper IUD side effects tend to be troubling for the woman who had it implanted and for the doctor. And while some problems with the device improved, others did not.

But as mentioned, the intrauterine device is full of uncertainties. One of them is how each person’s body will respond to having an IUD inside their uterus. And while other women tolerate its side effects, others do not.

Symptoms You Should Watch Out For

If you’re currently in the middle of waiting for your period to settle, you should be wary of certain red-flag symptoms.

You should see the doctor who implanted your IUD if you experience the following:

  • Vaginal bleeding between periods
  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Severe headaches
  • Abdominal pain
  • Pain during sexual intercourse
  • Foul-smelling discharge

It’s also important to note that vaginal bleeding is a potential sign of serious side effects from the Paragard IUD. In particular, it can be a sign of an infection in your uterus or pelvis called pelvic inflammatory disease (PID).

PID is usually caused by a sexually transmitted infection (STI). If left untreated, this condition can cause permanent damage in a woman’s reproductive tract.

Serious Side Effects of Paragard

Paragard can cause a wide array of serious side effects. Call your doctor right away if you experience these side effects following Paragard insertion:

  • Sepsis
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
  • Idiopathic intracranial hypertension
  • Ectopic pregnancy
  • Uterine perforation
  • Device expulsion
  • Embedment
  • Allergic reaction
  • Menstrual cycle pattern changes
  • Difficult removals

Although these side effects from the copper IUD aren’t common, they can still occur. If a Paragard IUD breaks, there’s an increased risk of suffering from additional side effects.

In fact:

When the device breaks during the removal procedure, its broken pieces must be removed through a complicated procedure to avoid organ damage. Moreover, in some instances, these fragments can become so deeply embedded in the woman’s uterus that a hysterectomy or surgical removal of the uterus may be necessary.

Needless to say, this can have physical as well as psychological consequences on a woman.

The Bottom Line

Paragard is generally a safe and effective form of contraception for many women. Its unique atrributes like being effective and long-acting makes it a preferrable choice for most of its users. However, some of its side effects, including increased bleeding and pain may prompt some users to have it removed earlier than planned.

Using a copper IUD may cause heavier and longer periods. These may also be accompanied by more and stronger cramps. These side effects are often present within the first three months of Paragard use.

However, if you find yourself still heavily bleeding even after six months, you should consult your doctor. Paragard can also cause more serious and rare side effects, including infections, ectopic pregnancy, sepsis, and false brain tumors, among others.

What You Can Do

According to several Paragard users, the device is prone to breaking during a procedure to have it removed. When the copper IUD breaks, additional side effects may rise dramatically.

In some cases, fragments of the device can attach themselves to the walls of your uterus. This can cause severe pain and bleeding in a woman. And we know how hard it is to suffer from serious side effects while thinking of joining a legal battle against the manufacturer of a potentially faulty medical device.

But that’s where we come in — we’re here to help you in understanding more about your rights. Furthermore, we can also assist you in finding the rigth attorney who will help you recover the compensation you deserve.

Holding medical device manufacturers like Teva Pharmaceuticals for the injuries they caused you or your loved one through litigation is often the only way to seek justice. It will not only help individuals who were injured with the use of the device, but it will also help other people be aware of its potential dangers.

Paragard lawsuits are being filed as we speak. You can contact us today if you or someone you love suffered from injuries after you received a Paragard IUD.

FAQs

Can paragard cause constant bleeding? ›

Yes, getting a copper IUD like ParaGard often causes women to experience longer periods. Some women have reported experiencing eight to 15-day periods for the first three to six months after their copper IUD insertion.

How long do you bleed after getting Paraguard? ›

Irregular bleeding and spotting is normal for the first few months after the IUD is placed. In some cases, women may experience irregular bleeding or spotting for up to six months after the IUD is placed.

Why do you bleed so much with copper IUD? ›

Heavier menstrual flow with copper IUDs might be caused by vascular changes, which regulate blood flow to the uterus (7,9). In studies, these blood flow changes were found to be greater in people using a copper IUD with heavy menstrual periods compared with copper-IUD users with normal menstrual bleeding (7-9).

Is it normal to have longer periods with copper IUD? ›

If you have a copper IUD, you may experience heavier periods accompanied by menstrual cramping. This is usually temporary. Many women find that their cycles regulate two to three months after insertion. If you have a hormonal IUD, you may find that your period is lighter or disappears.

How do you stop bleeding on Paragard? ›

Most bleeding pattern changes typically improve within 6 months after insertion, and you can use ibuprofen or naproxen (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, NSAIDS) to decrease the amount and duration of bleeding.

How do I know if I have copper toxicity from IUD? ›

Symptoms of copper toxicity

Copper levels are proven to increase in the body after IUD insertion. While copper is an essential trace element, excess copper in the body can create symptoms such as fatigue, nausea, depression, irritability, cravings, mood swings, brain fog, among many others.

Is there a lawsuit against ParaGard? ›

Paragard lawsuits are being filed over a design defect. This defect has led to a Paragard class action that will likely soon have 1,000 plaintiffs. These victims allege their Paragard IUD devices fractured, leading to complications.

Can ParaGard cause copper toxicity? ›

Copper toxicity builds up slowly in the body. Many women usually display side effects up to 6 months after insertion, some even years after. Paragard patients experiencing below symptoms of copper toxicity should seek medical attention immediately: Headaches or fever.

How can I stop bleeding from IUD? ›

When reassurance is not sufficient, or the bleeding is especially heavy, a short course of ibuprofen during menses may reduce bleeding. A short course can be repeated in several months, but it is not desirable to use for an extended period. Iron tablets may be given to reduce chances of anemia.

Can IUD cause prolonged bleeding? ›

In a small study of 62 women using a copper IUD (NovaT), researchers used standardized definitions [6] to discover that episodes of frequent and prolonged bleeding at 3 months had changed from 19% and 24%, respectively, to 0% at 12 months for both problems [5].

How much do you bleed with copper IUD? ›

In the TCu 200 group, blood loss after insertion of the device averaged 56.1 ml in the 1st menstrual period of IUD use, 60.8 ml in the 2nd period, and 44.8 ml in the 3rd period, for an overall average of 53.6 ml.

What happens if Copper T is not removed after expiry? ›

If your IUD is left in your uterus past the expiration date, the most serious danger would be infection. Serious infections can cause infertility. The other risk is that an expired IUD will not be an effective birth control method.

Can copper IUD cause health problems? ›

Side effects associated with ParaGard include: Bleeding between periods. Cramps. Severe menstrual pain and heavy bleeding.

Does ibuprofen stop IUD bleeding? ›

Nonsteroidal anti‐inflammatory drugs (naproxen, suprofen, mefenamic acid, ibuprofen, indomethacin, flufenamic acid, alclofenac, and diclofenac) were effective in reducing menstrual blood loss associated with IUD use. This held true for women with and without complaints of heavy bleeding.

Can copper IUD cause fatigue? ›

Further, the copper IUD can cause copper toxicity, or excess copper in the body. Excess copper can create symptoms such as fatigue, nausea, depression, irritability, cravings, mood swings, brain fog, among many others.

Is there a recall on Paragard IUD? ›

Paragard has not been recalled, but that does not mean it did not cause you harm. If you were injured by a Paragard IUD, you have rights, including the right to file a lawsuit against those responsible for your suffering. You may be able to collect various forms of compensation if your case is successful.

What are the signs of IUD infection? ›

The symptoms of an infection may include:
  • lower abdominal pain.
  • vaginal discharge, possibly with a foul odor.
  • pain when urinating.
  • painful intercourse.
  • a fever.
  • irregular menstruation.

How do you detox from copper? ›

Some treatment options for acute and chronic copper toxicity include:
  1. Chelation. Chelators are medications injected into your bloodstream. ...
  2. Gastric lavage (stomach pumping). This procedure removes copper you ate or drank directly from your stomach using a suction tube.
  3. Medications. ...
  4. Hemodialysis.
8 Mar 2019

Can you get poisoned from copper? ›

Sudden (acute) copper poisoning is rare. However, serious health problems from long-term exposure to copper can occur. Severe poisoning can cause liver failure and death. In poisonings from a long-term buildup of copper in the body, the outcome depends on how much damage there is to the body's organs.

Should I take zinc with copper IUD? ›

It's possible that the copper IUD, like the birth control pill and other hormone-based contraceptives, can cause zinc deficiency by off-balancing copper and zinc levels in your body. If you choose the copper IUD, I recommend supplementing with zinc and eating zinc-rich foods.

How much can I get from paragard lawsuit? ›

Settlement Amounts for Paragard IUD Lawsuit
Tier based on injury levelPotential settlement amount
Tier 1 (Most severely affected)$100,000 - $200,000
Tier 2 (Moderage complications)$25,000 - $75,000
Tier 3 (Least severely injured)Under $25,000
8 Sept 2022

Which IUD is being recalled? ›

A mass tort has formed involving cases reporting severe side effects and complications with the Paragard copper IUD. Zanes Law Injury Lawyers has been investigating recall information and pursuing legal action for women who qualify for compensation.

Does ParaGard affect hormones? ›

The copper IUD (aka Paragard IUD) has no hormones, so you don't have to deal with any of the risks or side effects that can sometimes happen with hormonal birth control methods. But copper IUDs often cause more bleeding and cramps during your period, especially in the first 3-6 months.

What does Wilson's disease do? ›

Wilson's disease is a rare inherited disorder that causes copper to accumulate in your liver, brain and other vital organs. Most people with Wilson's disease are diagnosed between the ages of 5 and 35, but it can affect younger and older people, as well.

Does copper increase estrogen? ›

I'm going to start us off with a little lesser known fact: high copper is a potential cause of elevated estrogen. While it's not overly common these days, as endobabes, it's good to be aware of any and all potential contributors of elevated estrogen, as endometriosis loves estrogen.

Does the copper IUD cause BV? ›

Scientists finally looked at it last year and discovered that yes, copper IUDs double the risk of BV. The effect is attributed to the heavier and longer menstrual flow of IUD users, which depletes Lactobacillus and permits the overgrowth of Gardnerella and other bacterial species associated with BV.

How much is too much bleeding after IUD? ›

"Foul-smelling bleeding should be checked out, because that could be a kind of infection," Dweck previously told INSIDER. "Very heavy bleeding, where you're soaking or saturating a pad or two every hour — that's way too much and should be checked out."

How do I stop breakthrough bleeding immediately? ›

How to stop breakthrough bleeding on the pill immediately? The best way to resolve breakthrough bleeding is to go off of the pill for a week. This will reset your uterus. Then, resume taking birth control, and the bleeding should go away.

What is the most common cause of abnormal uterine bleeding? ›

The most common causes of such bleeding are uterine fibroids, uterine adenomyosis, or endometrial polyps. Fibroids are benign masses in the muscle layer of the uterus (myometrium), while adenomyosis is a condition in which the lining of the uterus (endometrium) grows into the myometrium.

Is it normal to bleed 3 weeks straight? ›

A period that lasts longer than seven days is considered prolonged. It's not unusual for girls to have irregular, brief, or slightly prolonged periods. But three weeks may be pushing it. There are many possible causes for prolonged bleeding but, not being a doctor, I wouldn't even like to venture a guess.

What causes non stop menstruation? ›

Having long periods frequently can indicate one of several potential conditions, such as endometriosis or uterine fibroids. A doctor can help diagnose and treat these conditions. Often, taking hormonal birth control pills or switching the type of hormonal medication can help people find relief.

How do you know if your IUD is displaced? ›

Spotting and bleeding are common after you get an IUD, but heavy or abnormal bleeding could mean it's in the wrong spot. “Heavy vaginal bleeding may accompany a uterine perforation,” Nwegbo-Banks says. You have severe cramping, abnormal discharge, or fever. These are other signs that your IUD has moved.

Is it normal to pass blood clots with an IUD? ›

Birth Control

Some forms of birth control, like non-hormonal IUDs, can cause heavier-than-normal periods and clots in some women. If you have an IUD and are experiencing heavy clotting and bleeding, talk to your doctor about your symptoms to find out if this is the right form of birth control for you.

What does jelly like period mean? ›

A. If you notice on heavy days of your period that blood seems extra-thick, and can sometimes form a jelly-like glob, these are menstrual clots, a mix of blood and tissue released from your uterus during your period. They can vary in size and color, and usually, they are nothing to worry about.

How do you stop bleeding after copper IUD insertion? ›

Evidence from 10 studies of fair to poor quality suggested that some NSAIDs may significantly reduce menstrual blood loss or bleeding duration among Cu-IUD users with heavy or prolonged menstrual bleeding. Antifibrinolytic drugs or antidiuretics may also help reduce blood loss.

How painful is IUD removal? ›

An IUD removal normally takes just a few minutes. Most women find it is less painful or uncomfortable than having an IUD inserted. But ask your doctor if it's a good idea to take ibuprofen ahead of time in case of cramping. You will lie on the exam table on your back.

How do I prepare for IUD removal? ›

You don't need to do anything to prepare. Removing an IUD is usually less painful than putting it in. Your doctor might suggest that you avoid sex for 7 days before your appointment. This is to prevent you from getting pregnant right after the IUD is removed if you don't replace it with another one.

How do you know when your IUD needs to be removed? ›

If your IUD is going to expire but you still don't want to get pregnant, you'll have to replace it.
  1. Paragard should be replaced after 12 years.
  2. Mirena should be replaced after 8 years.
  3. Liletta should be replaced after 8 years.
  4. Kyleena should be replaced after 5 years.
  5. Skyla should be replaced after 3 years.

Is there a lawsuit against ParaGard? ›

Paragard lawsuits are being filed over a design defect. This defect has led to a Paragard class action that will likely soon have 1,000 plaintiffs. These victims allege their Paragard IUD devices fractured, leading to complications.

What are the signs of IUD infection? ›

The symptoms of an infection may include:
  • lower abdominal pain.
  • vaginal discharge, possibly with a foul odor.
  • pain when urinating.
  • painful intercourse.
  • a fever.
  • irregular menstruation.

How do you know if your IUD is embedded? ›

Feel for your cervix, which is hard and rubbery, like the tip of your nose. The strings should come through your cervix. Feel for the strings, but don't pull them. If they feel the same every month, your IUD is likely in place.

Can ParaGard cause copper toxicity? ›

Copper toxicity builds up slowly in the body. Many women usually display side effects up to 6 months after insertion, some even years after. Paragard patients experiencing below symptoms of copper toxicity should seek medical attention immediately: Headaches or fever.

How much can I get from paragard lawsuit? ›

Settlement Amounts for Paragard IUD Lawsuit
Tier based on injury levelPotential settlement amount
Tier 1 (Most severely affected)$100,000 - $200,000
Tier 2 (Moderage complications)$25,000 - $75,000
Tier 3 (Least severely injured)Under $25,000
8 Sept 2022

Is there a recall on Paragard IUD? ›

Paragard has not been recalled, but that does not mean it did not cause you harm. If you were injured by a Paragard IUD, you have rights, including the right to file a lawsuit against those responsible for your suffering. You may be able to collect various forms of compensation if your case is successful.

Which IUD is being recalled? ›

A mass tort has formed involving cases reporting severe side effects and complications with the Paragard copper IUD. Zanes Law Injury Lawyers has been investigating recall information and pursuing legal action for women who qualify for compensation.

Can paragard cause sepsis? ›

In rare cases, having Paragard incorrectly placed in your uterus may cause severe infections, which can cause pain. Examples of these infections include actinomycosis and PID. Severe infections could lead to life threatening sepsis.

Can copper IUD cause health problems? ›

Side effects associated with ParaGard include: Bleeding between periods. Cramps. Severe menstrual pain and heavy bleeding.

How do you know if your body is rejecting an IUD? ›

For some people, it may be less noticeable if the IUD has expelled. It's definitely a good idea to make an appointment with your provider if you have any of the following symptoms: severe pain and cramping; heavy or abnormal bleeding; abnormal discharge; and/or fever.

What does it feel like if your IUD perforates your uterus? ›

More serious IUD perforation symptoms arise if the device punctures the uterine wall and affects other organs, or if it causes an infection or internal bleeding: Severe or sudden pelvic or abdominal pain. Shortness of breath. Bruised or swollen abdomen.

When should you go to the ER for an IUD? ›

Call your doctor or nurse call line now or seek immediate medical care if: You have new belly or pelvic pain. You have severe vaginal bleeding. This means that you are soaking through your usual pads every hour for 2 or more hours.

How do I know if my uterus is perforated? ›

severe pelvic pain after insertion (worse than period cramps) pain or heavy bleeding after insertion which continues for more than a few weeks. sudden changes in periods. pain during sex.

How do you detox from copper? ›

Some treatment options for acute and chronic copper toxicity include:
  1. Chelation. Chelators are medications injected into your bloodstream. ...
  2. Gastric lavage (stomach pumping). This procedure removes copper you ate or drank directly from your stomach using a suction tube.
  3. Medications. ...
  4. Hemodialysis.
8 Mar 2019

What happens if copper T is not removed after expiry? ›

If your IUD is left in your uterus past the expiration date, the most serious danger would be infection. Serious infections can cause infertility. The other risk is that an expired IUD will not be an effective birth control method.

What does Wilson's disease do? ›

Wilson's disease is a rare inherited disorder that causes copper to accumulate in your liver, brain and other vital organs. Most people with Wilson's disease are diagnosed between the ages of 5 and 35, but it can affect younger and older people, as well.

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