Psych NCLEX Exam for Stress, Anxiety, Eating & Mind-Body Disorders - RNpedia (2022)

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1. Adamis a 20-year-old student diagnosed of having obsessive-compulsive behavior. A psychiatrist prescribes clomipramine (Anafranil) to treat his condition. Nurse Annaunderstands the rationale for this treatment is that the clomipramine:

  1. increases dopamine levels.
  2. increases serotonin levels.
  3. decreases norepinephrine levels.
  4. decreases GABA levels.

2. Nurse Sarah is developing a care plan for a female client with post-traumatic stress disorder. Which of the following would she do initially?

(Video) NCLEX Practice Quiz about Maternal and Child Health Nursing

  1. Instruct the client to use distraction techniques to cope with flashbacks.
  2. Encourage the client to put the past in proper perspective.
  3. Encourage the client to verbalize thoughts and feelings about the trauma.
  4. Avoid discussing the traumatic event with client.

3. A group of community nurses sees and plans care for various clients with different types of problems. Which of the following clients would they consider the most vulnerable to post-traumatic stress disorder?

  1. An 8 year-old boy with asthma who has recently failed a grade in school
  2. A 20 year-old college student with DM who experienced date rape
  3. A 40 year-old widowerwho has recently lost his wife to cancer
  4. A wife of an individual with a severe substance abuse problem

4. Which outcome is most appropriate for Francis who has a dissociative disorder?

  1. Francis will deal with uncomfortable emotions on a conscious level.
  2. Francis will modify stress with the use of relaxation techniques.
  3. Francis will identify his anxiety responses.
  4. Francis will use problem-solving strategies when feeling stressed.

5. The psychiatric nurse uses cognitive-behavioral techniques when working with a client who experiences panic attacks. Which of the following techniques are common to this theoretical framework? Select all that apply.

  1. Administering anti-anxiety medication as prescribed
  2. Encouraging the client to restructure thoughts
  3. Helping the client to use controlled relaxation breathing
  4. Helping the client examine evidence of stressors
  5. Questioning the client about early childhood relationships
  6. Teaching the client about anxiety and panic

6. Marty is pacing and complains of racing thoughts. Nurse Lally asks the client if something upsetting happened, and Marty’s response is vague and not focused on thequestion. Nurse Lally assess Marty’s level of anxiety as:

  1. mild.
  2. moderate.
  3. severe.
  4. panic.

7. Nurse Martha is teaching her students about anxiety medications, she explains that benzodiazepines affect which brain chemical?

  1. Acetylcholine
  2. Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)
  3. Norepinephrine
  4. Serotonin

8. Nurse Mandy is assessing a client for recent stressful life events. She recognizes that stressful life events are both:

  1. desirable and growth-promoting.
  2. positive and negative.
  3. undesirable and harmful.
  4. predictable and controllable.

9. During a community visit, volunteer nurses teach stress management to the participants. The nurses will most likely advocate which belief as a method of coping with stressful life events?

  1. Avoidance of stress is an important goal for living.
  2. Control over one’s response to stress is possible.
  3. Most people have no control over their level of stress.
  4. Significant others are important to provide care and concern.

10. Genevieve only attends social events when a family member is also present. She exhibits behavior typical of which anxiety disorder?

  1. Agoraphobia
  2. Generalized anxiety disorder
  3. Obsessive-compulsive disorder
  4. Post-traumatic stress disorder

11. Mr. Johnson is newly admitted to a psychiatric unit because of severe obsessive compulsive behavior. Which initial response by the nurse would be most therapeutic for him?

  1. Accepting the client’s ritualistic behaviors
  2. Challenging the client’s need for rituals
  3. Expressing concern about the harmfulness of the client’s rituals
  4. Limiting the client’s rituals that are excessive

12. Nurse Vicky is assessing a newly admitted client for symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Which symptoms are typically seen with this diagnosis? Select all that apply.

  1. Anger with numbing of other emotions
  2. Exaggerated startle response
  3. Feeling that one is having a heart attack
  4. Frequent thoughts about contamination
  5. Frequent nightmares
  6. Survivor’s guilt

13. Jordanne is a client with a fear of air travel. She is being treated in a mental institution for phobic disorder. The treatment method involves systematic desensitization. The nurse would consider the treatment successful if:

(Video) NURSING TEST BANK: Maternal and Child Health Nursing | PNLE BOARD EXAM QUESTIONS WITH RATIONALE

  1. Jordanne plans a trip requiring air travel.
  2. Jordanne takes a short trip in an airplane.
  3. Jordanne recognizes the unrealistic nature of the fear of riding on airplanes.
  4. Jordanne verbalizes a decreased fear about air travel.

14. Nurse Kerrick observes Toni who is hospitalized on an eating disorder unit during mealtimes and for 1 hour after eating. An explanation for this intervention is:

  1. to develop trusting relationship.
  2. to maintain focus on importance of nutrition.
  3. to prevent purging behaviors.
  4. to reinforce the behavioral contact.

15. Marlyn is diagnosed of anorexia nervosa and is admitted in the special eating disorder unit. The initial treatment priority for her is:

  1. to determine her current body image.
  2. to identify family interaction patterns.
  3. to initiate a refeeding program.
  4. to promote the client’s independence.

16. The nurse evaluates the treatment of Mrs. Montez with somatoform disorder as successful if:

  1. Mrs. Montez practices self-medication rather than changing health care providers.
  2. Mrs. Montez recognizes that physical symptoms increase anxiety level.
  3. Mrs. Montez researches treatment protocols for various illnesses.
  4. Mrs. Montez verbalizes anxiety directly rather than displacing it.

17. Which of the following attitudes from a nurse would hinder a discussion with an adolescent client about sexuality?

  1. Accepting
  2. Matter-of-fact
  3. Moralistic
  4. Nonjudgemental

18. Nurse Davidis planning a psychoeducational discussion for a group of adolescent clients with anorexia nervosa. Which of the following topics would Nurse Davidselect to enhance understanding about central issues in this disorder?

  1. Anger management
  2. Parental expectations
  3. Peer pressure and substance abuse
  4. Self-control and self-esteem

19. Nurse Ginia understands that her client Glenda who is bulimic feels shame and guilt over binge eating and purging. This disorder is therefore considered:

  1. ego-distorting.
  2. ego-dystonic.
  3. ego-enhancing.
  4. ego-syntonic.

20. The psychoanalytic theory explains the etiology of anorexia nervosa as:

  1. the achievement of secondary gain through control of eating.
  2. a conflict between mother and child over separation and individualization.
  3. family dynamics that lead to enmeshment of members.
  4. the incorporation of thinness as an ideal body image.

21. The school nurse assesses for anorexia nervosa in an adolescent girl. Which of the following findings are characteristic of this disorder? Select all that apply.

  1. Bradycardia
  2. Hypotension
  3. Chronic pain in one or more sites
  4. Fear of having a serious illness
  5. Irregular or absent menses
  6. Refusal to maintain minimally normal weight

22. Mr. Bartowski who is newly diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis asks the community nurse how stress can affect his disease. The nurse would explain that:

  1. the psychological experience of stress will not affect symptoms of physical disease.
  2. psychological stress can cause painful emotions, which are harmful to a person with an illness.
  3. stress can overburden the body’s immune system, and therefore one can experience increased symptoms.
  4. the body’s stress response is stimulated when there are major disruptions in one’s life.

23. Duringa mother’s class, the nurse who is teaching the participants on stress management is questioned about the use of alternative treatments, such as herbal therapy and therapeutic touch. She explains that the advantage of these methods would include all of the following except:

  1. they are congruent with many cultural belief systems.
  2. they encourage the consumer to take an active role in health management.
  3. they promote interrelationships within the mind-body-spirit.
  4. they usually work better than traditional medical practice.

24. David is preoccupied with numerous bodily complaints even after a careful diagnostic workup reveals no physiologic problems. Which nursing intervention would be therapeutic for him?

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  1. Acknowledge that the complaints are real to the client, and refocus the client on other concerns and problems.
  2. Challenge the physical complaints by confronting the client with the normal diagnostic findings.
  3. Ignore the client’s complaints, but request that the client keep a list of all symptoms.
  4. Listen to the client’s complaints carefully, and question him about specific symptoms.

25. Nurse Kenzo is teaching a client about sertraline (Zoloft), which has been prescribed for depression. A significant side effect is interference with sexual arousal by inhibiting erectile function. How should theNurse Kenzoapproach this topic?

  1. Nurse Kenzo should avoid mentioning the sexual side effects to prevent the client from having anxiety about potential erectile problems.
  2. Nurse Kenzo should advise the client to report any changes in sexual functioning in case medication adjustments are needed.
  3. Nurse Kenzo should explain that the client’s sexual desire will probably decrease while on this medication.
  4. Nurse Kenzo should tell the client that sexual side effects are expected, but that they will decrease when his depression lifts.
Answers and Rationales
  1. Answer: B.increases serotonin levels.According to the psychobiologic theory, dysregulation of the neurotransmitter serotonin is thought to contribute to obsessive-compulsive behavior. Clomipramine (Anafranil) is used to increase serotonin levels, thereby decreasing the need for obsessive-compulsive behaviors.
  2. Answer: C.Encourage the client to verbalize thoughts and feelings about the trauma.Planning care for a client with post-traumatic stress disorder would involve helping the client to verbalize thoughts and feelings about the trauma. This will help the client work through the strong emotions connected with the trauma and, therefore foster the belief that she is able to cope. Avoiding discussion and using distraction techniques would beinappropriate. Option B may be possible later, after the client is able to verbalize strong emotions.
  3. Answer:B. A 20 year-old college student with DM who experienced date rape.Post-traumatic stress disorder is caused by the the experience of severe, specific trauma. Rape is a severely traumatic event. Although the situations in options A, C, and D are certainly stressful, they are not at the level of severe trauma.
  4. Answer:A. Francis will deal with uncomfortable emotions on a conscious level.Dissociative disorders occur when traumatic events are beyond an individual’s recall because this memories have been “blocked” from conscious awareness. Bringing the feelings associated with these events into conscious awareness and coping with these feelings will decrease the need for dissociation.
  5. Answer: B, C, D, F.These are all appropriate techniques based on the framework of cognitive-behavioral therapy.
  6. Answer:C. severe.When the client has difficulty focusing and exhibits excessive motor activity, the level of anxiety is severe. Mild anxiety is characterized by increased alertness and problem-solving ability. Moderate anxiety is characterized by the ability to focus on central concerns but the inability to problem-solve without assistance. Panic level of anxiety is characterized by complete inability to focus and reduced perceptions.
  7. Answer:B. Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA).Antianxiety medications stimulate the neurotransmitter GABA, which is a chemical associated with relaxation. The other options are not affected by benzodiazepines.
  8. Answer:B. positive and negative.The concept of stressful life event is based on the research of Holmes and Rahe, who found that both positive and negative changes result on stress. Stressful life events are not always desirable and growth promoting, nor are they always undesirable and harmful. Some stressful life events can be predictable and controllable; however, many life events are entirely unpredictable.
  9. Answer:B. Control over one’s response to stress is possible.When learning to manage stress, clients find it helpful to believe that they have the ability to control their response to it. It is impossible to avoid stress, which is a normal life experience. Stress can be positive and growth enhancing as well as harmful. The belief that one has some control is the significant factor in minimizing stress response.
  10. Answer:A. Agoraphobia.Agoraphobia is a disorder characterized by avoidance of situations in which escape may not be possible or help may be unavailable.
  11. Answer:A. Accepting the client’s ritualistic behaviors.It is important to accept the client’s need to perform ritualistic behaviors in this situation; admission to a psychiatric unit is stressful, and this client will tend to increase rituals when anxious. Other options are not appropriate for a newly admitted client.
  12. Answer: A, B, E, F.These are common symptoms of PTSD. Option C is common in panic disorder, and option D is characteristic of obsessive-compulsive disorder.
  13. Answer:B. Jordanne takes a short trip in an airplane.Systematic desensitization is a behavioral technique in which the client with a specific phobia is gradually able to work through hierarchal fears until the most fearful situation is encountered. In this case, the most fearful is riding an airplane. The responses in options A and D may occur earlier in treatment, but not indicative of success. Generally, a phobic individual recognizes that his fear is disproportionate to the things he fears.
  14. Answer:C. to prevent purging behaviors.Toni may experience increased anxiety during treatment and, therefore, may resume behaviors designed to prevent weight gain, such as vomiting or excessive exercise.
  15. Answer:C. to initiate a refeeding program.The physical need to reestablish near-normal weight takes priority because of the physiologic, life-threatening consequences of anorexia.
  16. Answer:D. Mrs. Montez verbalizes anxiety directly rather than displacing it.Mrs. Montez with somatoform disorder unconsciously displaces anxiety onto physical symptoms. The ability to recognize and verbalize anxious feelings directly rather than displacing them is a criterion of treatment success. Options A and C indicate continuation of the problem.
  17. Answer:C. Moralistic.Adolescents are not likely to feel free to ask questions and participate in a discussion if the nurse has a moralistic attitude toward sexual issues. Having an accepting, matter-of-fact, or nonjudgmental attitude will be helpful in allowing adolescents to feel comfortable discussing sexual issues.
  18. Answer:D. Self-control and self-esteem.Self-control and self-esteem are central issues for clients with eating disorders. Such clients feel a loss of self-control over their life and experience diminished self-esteem and severe doubts about their self-worth.
  19. Answer:B. ego-dystonic.An ego dystonic disorder is one in which the client views behaviors or symptoms as incongruent with self-image and therefore feels guilt, shame, and distress about the symptoms. An ego-syntonic disorder is one which the client views behaviors as congruent with her self-image (as in anorexia nervosa).
  20. Answer:B. a conflict between mother and child over separation and individualization.According to psychoanalytic theory, early mother-child dynamics lead to difficulty with a child establishing a sense of separateness from the mother. Control of eating becomes one area in which the child establishes a sense of independence. Option A is the behavioral view of anorexia nervosa. Option C reflects the family theory view of anorexia nervosa, which deals with the issue of lack of generational boundaries. Option D characterizes the sociocultural view of anorexia nervosa, which identifies thinness as being a culturally determined ideal.
  21. Answer: A, B, E, F.These are all characteristics of anorexia nervosa. Option C is common for somatoform pain disorder and option D is common in hypochondriasis.
  22. Answer:C. Stress can overburden the body’s immune system, and therefore one can experience increased symptoms.The stress response causes stimulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, which can further compromise an immune system that has been activated by the autoimmune disorder of rheumatoid arthritis. Consequently, the client can expect disease symptoms to exacerbate when under stress.
  23. Answer:D. they usually work better than traditional medical practice.Complementary alternative medicine treatments are often used as adjuncts to traditional medical treatment. Although an individual may choose a particular alternative treatment method, there is really no current scientific proof that these methods will work better than traditional medicine.
  24. Answer:A. Acknowledge that the complaints are real to the client, and refocus the client on other concerns and problems.After physical factors are ruled out, somatic complaints are thought to be expressions of anxiety. The complaints are real to the client, but the nurse should not focus on them. Prompting the client about other concerns will encourage expression of anxiety and dependency needs.
  25. Answer:B. Nurse Kenzo should advise the client to report any changes in sexual functioning in case medication adjustments are needed.Clients commonly discontinue medications to avoid or correct sexual side effects, but they are less likely to do that when health professionals offer assistance with sexual issues. Generally, clients avoid discussing sexual issues unless health professionals give permission by raising the issue first.

FAQs

Which clinical findings are seen in anxiety disorders? ›

Symptoms
  • Feeling nervous, restless or tense.
  • Having a sense of impending danger, panic or doom.
  • Having an increased heart rate.
  • Breathing rapidly (hyperventilation)
  • Sweating.
  • Trembling.
  • Feeling weak or tired.
  • Trouble concentrating or thinking about anything other than the present worry.

How do you copy with anxiety? ›

Here are 11 tips for coping with an anxiety disorder:
  1. Keep physically active. ...
  2. Avoid alcohol and recreational drugs. ...
  3. Quit smoking, and cut back or quit drinking caffeinated beverages. ...
  4. Use stress management and relaxation techniques. ...
  5. Make sleep a priority. ...
  6. Eat healthy foods. ...
  7. Learn about your disorder.
20 Jul 2021

How do you deal with anxiety activity? ›

5 Simple Activities that Can Help You Relax & Feel Less Anxious
  1. Go on a leisurely walk or bike ride. ...
  2. Write into a journal. ...
  3. Meditate or practice yoga. ...
  4. Listen to music. ...
  5. Read a book or watch a movie.
7 Mar 2018

Why is coping with anxiety important? ›

Anxiety is one of the most common forms of mental illness. Anxiety can affect your health. If you suffer from an anxiety disorder, research suggests that you may run a higher risk of experiencing physical health problems, too. So when you manage your anxiety, you're also taking care of your physical health.

What are the 6 main anxiety disorders? ›

There are several types of anxiety disorders, including generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, specific phobias, agoraphobia, social anxiety disorder and separation anxiety disorder.

What is the 3 3 3 rule for anxiety? ›

Follow the 3-3-3 rule.

Look around you and name three things you see. Then, name three sounds you hear. Finally, move three parts of your body — your ankle, fingers, or arm.

What triggers anxiety? ›

Difficult experiences in childhood, adolescence or adulthood are a common trigger for anxiety problems. Going through stress and trauma when you're very young is likely to have a particularly big impact. Experiences which can trigger anxiety problems include things like: physical or emotional abuse.

What causes anxiety in the brain? ›

Anxiety happens when a part of the brain, the amygdala, senses trouble. When it senses threat, real or imagined, it surges the body with hormones (including cortisol, the stress hormone) and adrenaline to make the body strong, fast and powerful.

What hobbies reduce anxiety? ›

Top 10 Stress-Relieving Hobbies
  • Gardening. Musketeer / Digital Vision / Getty Images. ...
  • Explore Photography. HIKARU VISION / Moment / Getty Images. ...
  • Scrapbooking. Hill Street Studios / Blend Images / Getty Images. ...
  • Maintain an Aquarium. ...
  • Puzzles. ...
  • Drawing, Painting, and Coloring. ...
  • Physical Activity or Exercise. ...
  • Knitting.
5 Apr 2020

What is the best exercise to relieve stress? ›

Almost any form of exercise or movement can increase your fitness level while decreasing your stress. The most important thing is to pick an activity that you enjoy. Examples include walking, stair climbing, jogging, dancing, bicycling, yoga, tai chi, gardening, weightlifting and swimming.

What mindless habits cause anxiety? ›

Neglecting yourself and not taking care of your personal needs can be an anxiety trigger. Whether you're not showering regularly, skipping meals, staying up too late or not going to the doctor, it's important to evaluate these behaviors and work to take better care of yourself.

What are 5 treatments for anxiety? ›

Here's what you can do:
  • Keep physically active. Develop a routine so that you're physically active most days of the week. ...
  • Avoid alcohol and recreational drugs. ...
  • Quit smoking and cut back or quit drinking caffeinated beverages. ...
  • Use stress management and relaxation techniques. ...
  • Make sleep a priority. ...
  • Eat healthy.

What are 3 strategies to reduce anxiety? ›

Anxiety management strategies
  • Slow breathing. When you're anxious, your breathing becomes faster and shallower. ...
  • Progressive muscle relaxation. Find a quiet location. ...
  • Stay in the present moment. ...
  • Healthy lifestyle. ...
  • Take small acts of bravery. ...
  • Challenge your self-talk. ...
  • Plan worry time. ...
  • Get to know your anxiety.

What remains a constant anxiety? ›

Hawking's health remains a constant anxiety and concern.

What are 10 types of anxiety disorders? ›

Types of Anxiety Disorders
  • Generalized anxiety disorder. You feel excessive, unrealistic worry and tension with little or no reason.
  • Panic disorder. ...
  • Social anxiety disorder. ...
  • Specific phobias. ...
  • Agoraphobia. ...
  • Separation anxiety. ...
  • Selective mutism. ...
  • Medication-induced anxiety disorder.
24 Apr 2022

What are the 10 types of mental disorders? ›

Some of the main groups of mental disorders are:
  • mood disorders (such as depression or bipolar disorder)
  • anxiety disorders.
  • personality disorders.
  • psychotic disorders (such as schizophrenia)
  • eating disorders.
  • trauma-related disorders (such as post-traumatic stress disorder)
  • substance abuse disorders.

Which anxiety disorder is most common? ›

Generalised anxiety disorder (GAD)

GAD is the most common type of anxiety disorder. The main symptom of GAD is excessive worrying about different activities and events. You may feel anxious a lot of the time if you have GAD.

Is GAD a serious mental illness? ›

Yes; generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is a serious mental illness that is listed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5).

Is generalized anxiety disorder a disability? ›

Generalized anxiety disorder and other forms of severe anxiety are often long-term, can be diagnosed by a doctor, and can limit someone from engaging in substantial gainful activity. As long as your condition meets those requirements, it will be considered a disability according to Social Security law.

How do doctors test for anxiety? ›

To diagnose an anxiety disorder, a doctor performs a physical exam, asks about your symptoms, and recommends a blood test, which helps the doctor determine if another condition, such as hypothyroidism, may be causing your symptoms. The doctor may also ask about any medications you are taking.

What is high functioning anxiety? ›

“The term high functioning anxiety describes an individual who, despite feeling anxious, seems able to effectively manage the demands of day-to-day life,” says psychologist Adam Borland, PsyD.

What is the 54321 technique? ›

One of the most common grounding techniques is the “54321” exercise. It goes like this: Start with deep breathing. Breathe in for 5 seconds, hold the breath for 5 seconds, and breathe out for 5 seconds.

What foods increase anxiety? ›

Foods (and drinks) that are stress- and anxiety-provoking
  • Alcohol.
  • Caffeine.
  • Sugary drinks and foods.
  • Processed foods, such as chips, cookies, frozen foods and ready-made meals.
  • Foods high in trans fats and excessive saturated fats, such as fried foods, red meat, full-fat dairy, butter and baked goods.
21 Sept 2021

Why does water help with anxiety? ›

Water has been shown to have natural calming properties, likely as a result of addressing dehydration's effects on the body and brain. Drinking enough water is an important step in managing your anxiety. Even if you're not experiencing anxiety, drinking sufficient water can create feelings of relaxation.

What is the most common anxiety disorder in older adults? ›

Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) is believed to be the most common anxiety disorder among older adults.

What is the difference between anxiety and anxiety disorder? ›

Anxiety is a problem when it becomes overwhelming or unmanageable and it comes up unexpectedly. Anxiety disorders are mental illnesses that have a big impact your life. People may avoid going about their daily lives in order to avoid anxiety.

Can a brain scan show anxiety? ›

Brain imaging can reveal unsuspected causes of your anxiety. Anxiety can be caused by many things, such as neurohormonal imbalances, post-traumatic stress syndrome, or head injuries. Brain scans can offer clues to potential root causes of your anxiety, which can help find the most effective treatment plan.

What herb is good for anxiety? ›

Lemon balm.

Preliminary research shows lemon balm can reduce some symptoms of anxiety, such as nervousness and excitability. Lemon balm is generally well-tolerated and considered safe for short-term use, but can cause nausea and abdominal pain.

What is a relaxing hobby? ›

While 93% of those in the study found knitting to be the most relaxing, other hobbies such as fishing, blogging and calligraphy were also praised for their ability to improve our wellbeing. Meanwhile, painting, candle making and, unsurprisingly, baking all made the top 20.

Does walking reduce stress? ›

Research has shown that walking promotes the release of brain chemicals called endorphins that stimulate relaxation and improve our mood. Walking does not have to be done at a fast pace to have stress-relieving benefits. Even a stroll at a comfortable pace promotes relaxation, studies indicate.

Is walking good for stress and anxiety? ›

It offers the physical benefits of exercise while also boosting your emotional well-being. In fact, walking regularly can help ease symptoms related to chronic mental health conditions like anxiety and depression. You can walk anywhere without equipment or a special membership.

Does walking increase cortisol? ›

One great reason to turn to walking is for the reduction of cortisol levels. Scientists have found these stress hormones are greatly reduced after just a 20 minute walk, resulting in a better mood and positive outlook.

What habits make anxiety worse? ›

Your anxiety may be caused by poor sleep habits.
  • 8 Habits That Make You Anxious... 8 Habits That Make You Anxious...
  • Bad sleep habits 1. Bad sleep habits.
  • Skipping meals 2. Skipping meals.
  • Drinking coffee 3. Drinking coffee.
  • Sitting 4. Sitting.
  • Cell phones 5. Cell phones.
  • Not "clocking out" 6. ...
  • Streaming TV and relaxing 7.
10 Mar 2016

Can a person trigger your anxiety? ›

As much as we can blame the other person for making us feel anxious, the reality is that it's us who sets the tone for how we allow others to make us feel about ourselves. If we notice a pattern of anxiety after meeting with a particular person, then we need to take steps to stop this from continuing.

Can sugar increase anxiety? ›

Sneaky added sugar

But added sugar is a contributor to overall anxiety. “Added sugars cause your blood sugar to go on a rollercoaster ride of spikes and crashes, and with it, your energy also goes up and down,” says Palinski-Wade. “When blood sugar crashes, your mood sours and anxiety levels can spike.”

What are the main elements of a mental status exam MSE for generalized anxiety disorder GAD )? ›

The Mental Status Examination.
  • Level of Consciousness. ...
  • Appearance and General Behavior. ...
  • Speech and Motor Activity. ...
  • Affect and Mood. ...
  • Thought and Perception. ...
  • Attitude and Insight. ...
  • Examiner's Reaction to the Patient. ...
  • Structured Examination of Cognitive Abilities.

What are differential diagnosis for anxiety? ›

In descending order, the 5 most frequent differential diagnoses for the GAD-scenario patient were anxiety, hyperthyroidism, depression, panic disorder or attack, and bipolar disorder.

What is the 3 3 3 rule for anxiety? ›

Follow the 3-3-3 rule.

Look around you and name three things you see. Then, name three sounds you hear. Finally, move three parts of your body — your ankle, fingers, or arm.

Which symptom is associated with social anxiety disorder? ›

Intense fear of interacting or talking with strangers. Fear that others will notice that you look anxious. Fear of physical symptoms that may cause you embarrassment, such as blushing, sweating, trembling or having a shaky voice. Avoidance of doing things or speaking to people out of fear of embarrassment.

What are the 5 categories of the mental status exam? ›

The MSE can be divided into the following major categories: (1) General Appearance, (2) Emotions, (3) Thoughts, (4) Cognition, (5) Judgment and Insight.

What assessment is used for anxiety disorder? ›

There are several assessment tools available to assess or screen for anxiety disorders. These include the Beck's Anxiety Inventory (BAI) (2), the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (3), the Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAM-A) (4), and the Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS) (5).

What are the 7 anxiety disorders? ›

There are several types of anxiety disorders:
  • Generalized anxiety disorder. You feel excessive, unrealistic worry and tension with little or no reason.
  • Panic disorder. ...
  • Social anxiety disorder. ...
  • Specific phobias. ...
  • Agoraphobia. ...
  • Separation anxiety. ...
  • Selective mutism. ...
  • Medication-induced anxiety disorder.
24 Apr 2022

What are 5 treatments for anxiety? ›

Here's what you can do:
  • Keep physically active. Develop a routine so that you're physically active most days of the week. ...
  • Avoid alcohol and recreational drugs. ...
  • Quit smoking and cut back or quit drinking caffeinated beverages. ...
  • Use stress management and relaxation techniques. ...
  • Make sleep a priority. ...
  • Eat healthy.

What medication is best for generalized anxiety disorder? ›

The main medications you may be offered to treat GAD are described below.
  • Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) ...
  • Serotonin and noradrenaline reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) ...
  • Pregabalin. ...
  • Benzodiazepines.

What is high functioning anxiety? ›

“The term high functioning anxiety describes an individual who, despite feeling anxious, seems able to effectively manage the demands of day-to-day life,” says psychologist Adam Borland, PsyD.

What triggers anxiety? ›

Difficult experiences in childhood, adolescence or adulthood are a common trigger for anxiety problems. Going through stress and trauma when you're very young is likely to have a particularly big impact. Experiences which can trigger anxiety problems include things like: physical or emotional abuse.

Which exercise is best for anxiety? ›

Research shows aerobic exercise is especially helpful. A simple bike ride, dance class, or even a brisk walk can be a powerful tool for those suffering from chronic anxiety.

What is the best antidepressant for social anxiety? ›

First choices in medications

Though several types of medications are available, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are often the first type of drug tried for persistent symptoms of social anxiety. Your health care provider may prescribe paroxetine (Paxil) or sertraline (Zoloft).

Who is most likely to get social anxiety disorder? ›

People who are naturally more reserved and those who have experienced trauma like childhood abuse or neglect are more likely to develop the disorder. Additionally, those with a first-degree blood relative who has the disorder are anywhere from two to six times more likely to experience Social Anxiety Disorder.

What social anxiety looks like? ›

always worry about doing something you think is embarrassing, such as blushing, sweating or appearing incompetent. find it difficult to do things when others are watching – you may feel like you're being watched and judged all the time. fear being criticised, avoid eye contact or have low self-esteem.

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