Ureaplasma parvum: in women, what is it? (2022)

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Ureaplasma parvum: in women, what is it? (1) Diseases of an infectious nature are common and ureaplasma is no exception. What is ureaplasma?

Inflammatory disease of the genitourinary system. Inflammation begins because of gram-negative microbes. Ureaplasma consists of urealitikum parvum - one of the varieties of microorganisms. Ureaplasma does not act as an independent disease. What does it mean?

The disease appears as a consequence of reproduction in the female body of chlamydia and mycoplasmas.

Ureaplasma Parvum acts as a representative of a conditionally pathogenic microbe. If the body is healthy and immunity is not weakened, then the infectious inflammatory disease does not manifest itself.

In the female genitalia, microorganisms are present. When favorable conditions arise for them, they begin to multiply. As a result, the process of inflammation in the urethra begins.

The development of ureaplasmosis for a woman ends:

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  • by inflammation of the urethra;
  • by inflammation of the bladder;
  • lesion of the vaginal walls;
  • defeat of the uterine cavity;
  • changes in normal vaginal microflora( gardnerella).

Microorganisms live on the inner shell of organs that are in the small pelvis. Urealitikum and parvum in size do not exceed viruses. The development of ureaplasmosis promotes the decomposition of urea. When the urea decomposes, ammonia begins to be released.

Ureaplasma is a parasite that is inside cells. What it is? They do not have their own membrane and deoxyribonucleic acid( DNA).Because of this, they attach to the cell membranes of the inner shell to destroy it.

Ureaplasma parvum is one of the common ureaplasma types, often diagnosed in males. At men the microorganism is a part of useful microflora and it is considered, as norm or rate. Ureaplasma parvum, in comparison with ordinary ureaplasma, is considered more dangerous than parasites of this genus. Often ureaplasma is diagnosed in adult women, and less often in adolescent girls.

In a female organism, pathogenic microorganisms enter during birth or during intimate proximity. Another infection is impossible. The inflammatory process begins because of provoking factors, it begins as a result of a decrease in protective properties.

Protective functions of the body are reduced as a result of stressful situations, malnutrition, reduced physical activity, these factors reduce immunity. Also, microbes can develop and destroy cells of the mucous membrane due to venereal diseases, infection of the genitourinary system, inflammations of the vaginal mucosa and thrush.

During pregnancy, the ureaplasma can be activated. This is facilitated by stressful situations experienced by a woman in the period of bearing a child.

Pathogenic bacterium ureaplasma parvum and microorganism urealiticus, what's the difference? Such kinds of microorganisms as ureaplasma urealiticum and bacterium ureaplasma Parvum, in association with each other constitute one of the varieties of mycoplasma. Treatment of two pathogens does not differ in any way.

Symptoms of ureaplasma parvum

The presence of various microorganisms in the female body is the norm, but when the ureaplasmosis begins to develop in the female body, the inflammatory process begins. During this period, the symptoms are mild or absent. Symptoms do not appear when a disease for a long time can go unnoticed. Untimely treatment of ureaplasma parvum can result in serious consequences that will lead to violations of the urethra.

(Video) Mycoplasma and Ureaplasma

See also: Types of ureaplasma: what should be treated, in women

Intrusion of ureaplasmosis in the long absence of certain symptoms, and when the immune system weakens, they become aggravated.

The main symptoms of ureaplasmosis are discharge from the urinary canal with characteristic features. Allocations may contain blood veins. During sexual intercourse, such discharge can also be allocated, accompanied by pain syndrome, itching and burning.

Causes of ureaplasmosis development

Ureaplasma parvum: in women, what is it? (2) If the treatment of ureaplasmosis is not started, then the situation becomes more acute with time. The main reason for the development of pathogenic microbes in the body of a woman is intimate affinity.

Important!35% of women who are infected with ureaplasma are carriers of the infection, but do not suffer from it.

At risk are women leading a disorderly life, and commit sexual acts with unverified partners. Infection can be infected not only with full intimacy, but by oral and anal routes. There are cases when infection occurs through a kiss.

The period of childbearing and the birth process can be the causes of the development of the inflammatory process. Ureaplasma spreads in the mucous membrane of the pelvic organs, including the vagina and uterus. When during childbirth the child passes through the mucous membrane of the infected mother, then 90% that he will become infected. Infection can begin as a result of not cured inflammatory processes.

After carrying out scientific researches, experts have reasonably determined that the reason for infection can be trips in transport, visits to swimming pools, saunas and baths.

Diagnostic methods

To identify the causative agent of ureaplasmosis, it is necessary to pass the genetic material of ureaplasma DNA.

(Video) Mycoplasma & Ureaplasma: Are These Bacteria Causing Your Bladder Pain / Pelvic Pain?

Ureaplasma urealysikum and ureaplasma parvum, not differing in clinical manifestations, are diagnosed in several ways:

  • by enzyme immunoassay;
  • by the reaction of direct and indirect immunofluorescence;
  • polymerase chain reaction.

The above methods for diagnosing an infectious disease are expensive and few public hospitals can afford it. Women who live in villages and villages have severe forms of ureaplasmosis. This is because the infection is diagnosed late.

To diagnose the infectious disease it is possible so: to make crop on ureaplasma of parvum. To do this, doctors take a swab from the vaginal walls and urethra, after the material is sown on a nutrient medium. After two and three days, a colony of microbes grows, doctors begin to carry out a bacteriological evaluation of microbial properties, their sensitivity to drugs.

During the period when doctors expect the growth of bacteria, the patient undergoes treatment. To do this, antibiotics with a wide range of action are used. They are able to destroy the appearance of Parvum and Urealitikum.

One of the reliable diagnostic methods is diagnostics with the help of polymerase chain reaction. One pathogenic microorganism or virus can be diagnosed.

When doctors identify units of less than 10 in the fourth degree - this is the norm. In other cases, treatment is prescribed. If clinical symptoms are absent and laboratory tests do not show a high concentration of pathogens, the patient is not prescribed antibiotics. It is possible to strengthen immunity.

See also: Cholera

To determine a woman's development of ureaplasmosis, it is necessary to take a swab from the organs of the genitourinary system with a special brush. Such an analysis is done in the morning after the termination of the menstrual cycle. Once in the body, women were detected high concentration of pathogens, then she was prescribed treatment.

Treatment of female ureaplasma parvum

Ureaplasma parvum: in women, what is it? (3) If the conditionally pathogenic microorganisms are in the body of any woman - this is the norm, then the question arises: "Is it necessary to treat ureaplasma parvum?".Not in all cases when an infectious agent is found, it is necessary to start therapy.

(Video) My Awful Experience with Ureaplasma urealyticum Infection

If a high concentration of ureaplasma is found in the body of a woman, there are no clinical and laboratory indices of the inflammatory process, then therapy is not needed.

If during the laboratory examination the doctors found the inflammatory process, as well as the patient has a pronounced symptomatology, then in such cases treatment begins. In addition to the main treatment, doctors prescribe medications to fight off pathogens that can provoke an infection, such as chlamydia, gonococcus, genital mycoplasma and trichomonads.

There are also exceptions when doctors prescribe antibacterial therapy in the absence of an inflammatory process, but with a high concentration of pathogens:

  • the patient is infertile;
  • in the genus there were cases of spontaneous miscarriages;
  • fading of the fetus.

If a patient undergoing treatment has a sexual partner, he may be prescribed treatment. The partner undergoes antibacterial therapy if he has clinical or laboratory inflammatory processes.

For the treatment of ureaplasmosis in women, medicines are used that are able to:

  • relieve the patient of symptoms;
  • to stop laboratory inflammatory processes;
  • prevent complications.

The main role in the treatment of ureaplasmosis in female representatives is played by antibiotics. In such cases, treatment is carried out by Josamycin or Doxycycline.

The course of treatment lasts 8-10 days, but if there are complications, the doctor can prescribe a two-week course of treatment.

Is it necessary to treat and how to treat ureaplasma parvum in pregnant patients? Treatment during the period of gestation is necessary, the infection can be transmitted to the baby during the birth process. If the infection was diagnosed in a woman during pregnancy, the doctor prescribes only Jozamycin. In comparison with doxycycline, it negatively affects the development of the fetus.

The main task of antibiotics is the reduction of clinical and laboratory manifestations of inflammatory processes. If the ureaplasma is allocated only during urination and during intercourse, then treatment is not carried out.

A month after the course of treatment, the patient re-analyzes, which may not differ after the treatment. If the doctors did not notice the improvements, they send the patient to the tests. The patient should be checked for possible pathogens. If pathogens are not found, the patient is prescribed another antibiotic and increases the course of treatment.

(Video) Mycoplasma and Ureaplasma

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FAQs

How does a woman get Ureaplasma parvum? ›

Ureaplasma is typically transmitted through sexual contact. It's very common among sexually active adults. It can enter the body through the vagina or the urethra. Ureaplasma can also be passed from mother to child.

Is Ureaplasma normal in women? ›

It's worth noting that while a Ureaplasma infection can cause serious vaginal health woes, it's common for healthy women to have some Ureaplasma bacteria present in their vaginas.

Should I be worried if I have Ureaplasma? ›

Should I be worried about Ureaplasma? Generally, we would advise that Ureaplasma is nothing to worry about although if an infection is causing outward symptoms, we would recommend a course of antibiotics.

How serious is Ureaplasma parvum? ›

In extreme cases, Ureaplasma can spread to other parts of your body and damage your joints, nerves and muscles, causing meningitis and even pneumonia. In women, a prolonged Ureaplasma infection also increases risk of infertility.

Can a man give a woman Ureaplasma? ›

Ureaplasma is a very small bacterium that both men and women can catch and transmit to each other. Ureaplasma infection is a little known but common STI. It can be spread vaginal, oral, or anal sexual contact and intercourse. Ureaplasma can be found in normal, healthy genital tracts in both men and women.

How long does it take Ureaplasma to go away? ›

It will take around 7 days for antibiotics to cure ureaplasma, but during the course of antibiotics, you should avoid sexual contact. The preferred antibiotics for ureaplasma are Azithromycin or Doxycycline.

What do you do if you have Ureaplasma? ›

Ureaplasma can be treated with antibiotics

However, Ureaplasma can also be treated with a course of antibiotics. If antibiotics are taken, you should abstain from sexual intercourse until your treatment is finished and ensure that your sexual partners are also treated to avoid re-infecting each other.

What is positive Ureaplasma? ›

A urine test that is positive for ureaplasma and/or mycoplasma, indicates the presence of one of both of these bacteria in the system. The treatment usually consists of antibiotics; but, can be trickier than any other sexually transmitted disease.

Is Ureaplasma a UTI? ›

Rare bacterial causes of UTIs include Ureaplasma urealyticum and Mycoplasma hominis, which are typically harmless organisms.

Is it normal to have Ureaplasma? ›

Ureaplasma bacteria are part of the body's bacterial population, and they live in balance, without causing a problem, in most cases. Sometimes, however, they can increase in population , causing infection and health problems.

Can Ureaplasma come back after being treated? ›

People who have had ureaplasma and symptoms requiring treatment may develop the infection and symptoms again. You should speak to your doctor if symptoms return after treatment.

Can you pass Ureaplasma through kissing? ›

Though it is mostly spread through sexual contact, ureaplasma urealyticum is not always classified as a sexually transmitted infection (STI), and can sometimes be referred to simply as a bacterial infection. It is an infectious disease and can also be spread through blood, saliva, needles and even air.

Can Ureaplasma occur naturally? ›

Ureaplasma is found in the body of humans naturally, and these do not cause any problems unless something makes them replicate faster, in which case the balance of the bacterial population in the body is disrupted. The only situation you need to be bothered with is when it is present in the body while you are pregnant.

Can Ureaplasma be transmitted through kissing? ›

Though it is mostly spread through sexual contact, ureaplasma urealyticum is not always classified as a sexually transmitted infection (STI), and can sometimes be referred to simply as a bacterial infection. It is an infectious disease and can also be spread through blood, saliva, needles and even air.

Is it normal to have Ureaplasma? ›

Ureaplasma bacteria are part of the body's bacterial population, and they live in balance, without causing a problem, in most cases. Sometimes, however, they can increase in population , causing infection and health problems.

Can you have Ureaplasma for years without knowing? ›

As these bacteria may have been present for many years without causing any symptoms, the finding of ureaplasma and mycoplasma on cervical cultures does not in any way indicate infidelity or sexual misconduct.

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