Vaughan-Jackson Syndrome: Background, Pathophysiology, Etiology (2023)

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    (Video) Vaughan Jackson Syndrome, Rheumatoid Hand

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    (Video) Conditions Affecting Dorsal Wrist Compartments - Everything You Need To Know - Dr. Nabil Ebraheim

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  23. Ryu J, Saito S, Honda T, Yamamoto K. Risk factors and prophylactic tenosynovectomy for extensor tendon ruptures in the rheumatoid hand. J Hand Surg Br. 1998 Oct. 23 (5):658-61. [QxMD MEDLINE Link].

  24. Yamazaki H, Uchiyama S, Hata Y, Murakami N, Kato H. Extensor tendon rupture associated with osteoarthritis of the distal radioulnar joint. J Hand Surg Eur Vol. 2008 Aug. 33 (4):469-74. [QxMD MEDLINE Link].

  25. Kwon ST, Schneider LH. Extensor tendon ruptures in rheumatoid hands. Hunter JM, Schneider LH, Mackin EJ, eds. Tendon and Nerve Surgery in the Hand: A Third Decade. St Louis: Mosby Year Book; 1997. 434-8.

  26. Sakuma Y, Ochi K, Iwamoto T, Saito A, Yano K, Naito Y, et al. Number of ruptured tendons and surgical delay as prognostic factors for the surgical repair of extensor tendon ruptures in the rheumatoid wrist. J Rheumatol. 2014 Feb. 41 (2):265-9. [QxMD MEDLINE Link].

  27. Itsubo T, Uchiyama S, Yamazaki H, Hayashi M, Nakamura K, Kuniyoshi K, et al. Factors affecting extension lag after tendon reconstruction for finger extensor tendon rupture due to distal radioulnar lesion. J Orthop Sci. 2016 Jan. 21 (1):19-23. [QxMD MEDLINE Link].

  28. Gong HS, Lee JO, Baek GH, Kim BS, Kim JY, Lee JS, et al. Extensor tendon rupture in rheumatoid arthritis: a survey of patients between 2005 and 2010 at five Korean hospitals. Hand Surg. 2012. 17 (1):43-7. [QxMD MEDLINE Link].

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  30. Millender LH, Nalebuff EA, Holdsworth DE. Posterior interosseous-nerve syndrome secondary to rheumatoid synovitis. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1973 Jun. 55 (4):753-7. [QxMD MEDLINE Link].

    (Video) Vaughan Jackson sendromu- Syndrome (movie)

  31. Murray PM. Current concepts in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis of the distal radioulnar joint. Hand Clin. 2011 Feb. 27 (1):49-55. [QxMD MEDLINE Link].

  32. Ishikawa H, Hanyu T, Tajima T. Rheumatoid wrists treated with synovectomy of the extensor tendons and the wrist joint combined with a Darrach procedure. J Hand Surg Am. 1992 Nov. 17 (6):1109-17. [QxMD MEDLINE Link].

  33. Thirupathi RG, Ferlic DC, Clayton ML. Dorsal wrist synovectomy in rheumatoid arthritis--a long-term study. J Hand Surg Am. 1983 Nov. 8 (6):848-56. [QxMD MEDLINE Link].

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  35. De Maeseneer M, Marcelis S, Osteaux M, Jager T, Machiels F, Van Roy P. Sonography of a rupture of the tendon of the extensor pollicis longus muscle: initial clinical experience and correlation with findings at cadaveric dissection. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2005 Jan. 184 (1):175-9. [QxMD MEDLINE Link].

  36. Sunagawa T, Ishida O, Ishiburo M, Suzuki O, Yasunaga Y, Ochi M. Three-dimensional computed tomography imaging: its applicability in the evaluation of extensor tendons in the hand and wrist. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 2005 Jan-Feb. 29 (1):94-8. [QxMD MEDLINE Link].

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  38. Abe A, Ishikawa H, Murasawa A, Nakazono K. Extensor tendon rupture and three-dimensional computed tomography imaging of the rheumatoid wrist. Skeletal Radiol. 2010 Apr. 39 (4):325-31. [QxMD MEDLINE Link].

  39. Soni P, Stern CA, Foreman KB, Rockwell WB. Advances in extensor tendon diagnosis and therapy. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2009 Feb. 123 (2):727-8. [QxMD MEDLINE Link].

  40. Bruyn GA, Möller I, Garrido J, Bong D, d'Agostino MA, Iagnocco A, et al. Reliability testing of tendon disease using two different scanning methods in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Rheumatology (Oxford). 2012 Sep. 51 (9):1655-61. [QxMD MEDLINE Link].

    (Video) Spontaneous Extensor Tendon Rupture and Repair

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  47. Chung US, Kim JH, Seo WS, Lee KH. Tendon transfer or tendon graft for ruptured finger extensor tendons in rheumatoid hands. J Hand Surg Eur Vol. 2010 May. 35 (4):279-82. [QxMD MEDLINE Link].

  48. O'Sullivan MB, Singh H, Wolf JM. Tendon Transfers in the Rheumatoid Hand for Reconstruction. Hand Clin. 2016 Aug. 32 (3):407-16. [QxMD MEDLINE Link].

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    (Video) Ellen Gets Insulted On Her Own Show And This Happens...

  51. Nalebuff EA, Patel MR. Flexor digitorum sublimis transfer for multiple extensor tendon ruptures in rheumatoid arthritis. Plast Reconstr Surg. 1973 Nov. 52 (5):530-3. [QxMD MEDLINE Link].

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FAQs

What is Von Jackson syndrome? ›

The term Vaughan-Jackson syndrome refers to disruption of the digital extensor tendons, beginning on the ulnar side of the hand and wrist with the extensor digiti minimi (EDM) and extensor digitorum communis (EDC) tendon of the small finger.

Can arthritis cause tendon tears? ›

Flexor tendon ruptures in rheumatoid arthritis are caused by either attrition on bone spurs or by direct invasion of the tendon by hypertrophic tenosynovium. All attrition ruptures occur within the carpal canal and represent the most common cause of tendon rupture.

What is caput Ulnae syndrome? ›

the name “caput ulnae syndrome”. The main clinical characteristics. are: (1 ) rotational pain, weakness and limitation of movement in the. wrist, (2) the caput ulnae is dislocated and forms a dorsal prominence. on the wrist, (3) in a dorso-ulnar position there is a tender soft fluc-

What are rheumatoid nodules made of? ›

Rheumatoid nodules are very firm and are made of inflammatory tissue but under the microscope show intense inflammatory changes that are different from the ones that are found within the joints.

What is boutonniere deformity? ›

Boutonniere deformity describes a medical condition in which the finger is flexed at the proximal interphalangeal joint (PIP) and hyperextended at the distal interphalangeal joint (DIP). This is usually a result of trauma in the acute setting and is caused by a rupture of the PIP central slip.

What are the 4 symptoms of tendonitis? ›

What are the symptoms of tendonitis?
  • pain and tenderness in the affected tendon, which is often worse when you move it.
  • swelling.
  • a grating sensation as the tendon moves.
  • a lump on the tendon.
  • weakness in the affected area.
  • decreased range of motion.

What is the type of arthritis that attacks the tendons? ›

Spondyloarthropathies. Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and other types are autoimmune conditions that attack where tendons and ligaments attach to your bone. Symptoms include pain and stiffness, especially in your lower back.

What kind of arthritis affects tendons? ›

Psoriatic arthritis can cause pain and swelling along the bones that form the joints. This is caused by inflammation in the connective tissue, known as entheses, which attach tendons and ligaments to the bones. When they become inflamed it's known as enthesitis.

What is the difference between caput and cephalohematoma? ›

Caput succedaneum causes swelling (edema) on the top of the scalp that is usually noticeable at birth. This swelling causes the scalp to feel spongy, does cross suture lines, and starts to go down soon after birth. Cephalohematoma is a buildup of blood (hemorrhage) underneath a newborn's scalp.

What causes caput succedaneum and cephalohematoma? ›

Both caput succedaneum and cephalohematoma can be caused by a doctor's use of a vacuum, forceps, or another tool that places pressure on the infant's head to speed up the delivery. Both conditions can also cause jaundice.

How can you tell the difference between caput and Subgaleal? ›

Palpation of a large caput succedaneum reveals firm, nonpitting swelling. In contrast, the cranial swelling of subgaleal bleeding is boggy due to the palpation of clotted blood just beneath the epicranial aponeurosis (Fig. 2.22).

What is the background of rheumatoid arthritis? ›

Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease. Normally, your immune system helps protect your body from infection and disease. In rheumatoid arthritis, your immune system attacks healthy tissue in your joints. It can also cause medical problems with your heart, lungs, nerves, eyes and skin.

What causes rheumatoid nodules to form? ›

Risk factors for developing rheumatoid nodules include taking methotrexate or other arthritis drugs, smoking, sustaining an injury near a pressure point, and having severe RA. Certain genes may also predispose a person to rheumatoid nodules.

How do rheumatoid nodules start? ›

They usually show up in people with more severe RA. Nearly all cases are in people who have substances called rheumatoid factor and anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibodies in their blood. These are linked to inflammation. One study found that cigarette smoking increases nodules in people with RA.

What is pencil in cup deformity? ›

Share on Pinterest 'Pencil-in-cup deformity is a rare bone disorder. An X-ray of this deformity shows the affected bone with the end of the bone eroded into a sharpened pencil shape. This “pencil” has worn away the surface of an adjoining bone into a cup shape. '

What is Swan deformity? ›

Swan neck deformity is characterized by proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint hyperextension and the distal interphalangeal (DIP) joint flexion. There is also reciprocal flexion noted of the metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joint. This is a result of an imbalance of the extensor mechanism of the digit.

Why is it called button hole deformity? ›

In boutonnière deformity, an injury tears the tendon and a slit appears. If this situation isn't corrected, the middle of your finger will remain bent and the tip of your finger will stick out. It's called a boutonnière deformity because the slit in the tendon looks like a buttonhole with the bone showing.

What are the 3 types of tendonitis? ›

Common Types of Tendonitis
  • Achilles Tendonitis. Achilles tendonitis is often caused by overuse, so it is a common injury in runners. ...
  • Peroneal Tendonitis. ...
  • Posterior Tibial Tendonitis.
20 Dec 2019

What is the root cause of tendonitis? ›

They may be caused by strain, overuse, injury, or too much exercise. Tendonitis may also be related to a disease such as diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, or infection.

What are 3 things you can do to avoid getting tendonitis? ›

Prevention
  1. Ease up. Avoid activities that place too much stress on your tendons, especially for long periods. ...
  2. Mix it up. If one exercise or activity causes you pain, try something else. ...
  3. Improve the way you move. ...
  4. Stretch. ...
  5. Move right in the workplace. ...
  6. Prepare your muscles to play.
11 Nov 2022

What is the most painful kind of arthritis? ›

Rheumatoid arthritis can be one of the most painful types of arthritis; it affects joints as well as other surrounding tissues, including organs. This inflammatory, autoimmune disease attacks healthy cells by mistake, causing painful swelling in the joints, like hands, wrists and knees.

Which type of arthritis is the most crippling? ›

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is recognized as the most disabling type of arthritis. While they both fall under the "arthritis" umbrella and share certain similarities, these diseases have significant differences.

What types of arthritis are autoimmune? ›

Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune and inflammatory disease, which means your immune system attacks healthy cells in your body by mistake.

What autoimmune diseases affect tendons and ligaments? ›

When you have a connective tissue disease, these connecting structures are negatively affected. Connective tissue diseases include autoimmune diseases like rheumatoid arthritis, scleroderma and lupus.

What are the 7 types of arthritis? ›

The most common types include osteoarthritis (OA), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), psoriatic arthritis (PsA), fibromyalgia and gout. Arthritis and related diseases can cause debilitating, life-changing pain in different ways.

What are the 3 main types of arthritis? ›

Arthritis Types
  • Osteoarthritis.
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)
  • Childhood Arthritis.

What is the difference between chignon and caput succedaneum? ›

However, when the caput is caused by a vacuum-assisted delivery, it is referred to as a chignon and is not a true caput succedaneum. Cephalohematoma is a condition that is more commonly seen in women who are: having a male baby. delivering their first baby.

Why is jaundice in cephalohematoma? ›

Jaundice: As a baby's body absorbs the blood from the cephalohematoma, bilirubin levels in the bloodstream can rise, causing jaundice. Your baby may have a yellow tint to their skin or eyes. Skull fractures: As many as 1 in 4 babies with cephalohematomas also have a linear skull fracture.

What causes cephalohematoma? ›

The cause of a cephalohematoma is rupture of blood vessels crossing the periosteum due to the pressure on the fetal head during birth. During the process of birth, pressure on the skull or the use of forceps or a vacuum extractor rupture these capillaries resulting in a collection of serosanguineous or bloody fluid.

What's the difference between molding and caput succedaneum? ›

Abstract. Caput succedaneum is defined as a diffuse swelling of the fetal scalp caused by the pressure of the scalp against the dilating cervix during labor. Caput is often associated with molding and may extend across the midline (as opposed to cephalohematoma, which does not cross the suture lines).

What is the difference between subgaleal hematoma and cephalohematoma? ›

Cephalohematomas are traumatic subperiosteal hematomas of the skull that are usually caused by birth injury. They are bound between the periosteum and cranium, and therefore cannot cross sutures. Being bound by a suture line distinguishes them from subgaleal hematoma, which can cross sutures.

How caput succedaneum is formed? ›

Causes. A caput succedaneum is more likely to form during a long or hard delivery. It is more common after the membranes have broken. This is because the fluid in the amniotic sac is no longer providing a cushion for the baby's head.

What does subgaleal mean? ›

Subgaleal refers to the location of the condition, which is on the head, between the skin on the scalp and the skull. A hemorrhage designates that there's active or ongoing bleeding in the subgaleal area of the head.

Which is worse cephalohematoma and caput succedaneum? ›

Caput succedaneum is easily confused with infant cephalohematoma. The former is swelling that occurs under the skin and the latter is swelling that occurs within the skin, but both are usually harmless. With caput succedaneum, the baby's appearance can be alarming.

What causes a subgaleal hematoma? ›

Subgaleal hemorrhage is a rare but potentially lethal condition found in newborns. It is caused by rupture of the emissary veins, which are connections between the dural sinuses and the scalp veins. Blood accumulates between the epicranial aponeurosis of the scalp and the periosteum.

Can arthritis damage tendons? ›

First of all, soreness of tendons and ligaments may be a part of your condition, because the inflammatory process that damages the joints in inflammatory arthritis can also affect the connective tissues (e.g., the tendons and ligaments) in and around the joints.

Why do my tendons keep tearing? ›

Causes can include overuse as well as age, injury, or disease related changes in the tendon. Risk factors for tendon disorders can include excessive force, repetitive movements, frequent overhead reaching, vibration, and awkward postures.

Why do I keep rupturing tendons? ›

Tendon ruptures do not occur spontaneously or for no reason; they typically happen only with an injury or trauma. However, some circumstances do make someone more likely to have a tendon rupture. People who use muscles the same way repeatedly due to their job or another activity are at higher risk of tendon injury.

Can you have arthritis in your tendons? ›

In a word, no. Although both involve inflammation — arthritis is joint inflammation and tendonitis is inflammation of a tendon — having one doesn't directly cause you to develop the other. That said, these conditions sometimes overlap.

How do you reduce tendon inflammation? ›

How to treat tendonitis yourself
  1. Rest: try to avoid moving the tendon for 2 to 3 days.
  2. Ice: put an ice pack (or try a bag of frozen peas wrapped in a tea towel) on the tendon for up to 20 minutes every 2 to 3 hours.
  3. Support: wrap an elastic bandage around the area, use a tube bandage, or use a soft brace.

How do you reduce tendon inflammation naturally? ›

If you have been experiencing this pain, due to a sports injury, while performing daily tasks, here are five home remedies to help reduce tendonitis.
  1. Icing & Heating. Taking ibuprofen to relieve inflammation helps, but another non-pill related form is icing. ...
  2. Compression. ...
  3. Herbs. ...
  4. Food. ...
  5. Rest.
12 Jun 2020

How can you tell if it's arthritis or tendonitis? ›

The difference between arthritis and bursitis and tendinitis is the source of the inflammation. Arthritis is inflammation in the joint itself, whereas bursitis, tendinitis, and other soft tissue rheumatic syndromes involve inflammation in the tissues and structures around a joint.

What vitamins are good for tendon repair? ›

Vitamin C: Tendons and ligaments also need vitamin C, a nutrient found in many vegetables and fruits, because both tissues contain large amounts of collagen. Vitamin C plays an essential role in new collagen production, and a Vitamin C deficiency can weaken your tendons and ligaments by preventing collagen synthesis.

How do you rebuild collagen in tendons? ›

Recent studies show vitamin C enriched gelatin improves collagen synthesis and could play a beneficial role in injury prevention and tissue repair at both 5 gram and 15 gram doses when taken an one hour before exercise.

What supplements help tendons? ›

Glucosamine

It's involved in the creation of tendons, ligaments, and cartilage. Your body naturally produces glucosamine, but you can also increase your levels through supplements. Supplements are generally made from either shellfish shells or fermented corn.

What medication can cause tendon rupture? ›

Drug-induced tendinopathy, including tendinitis and tendon rupture, is most frequently associated with aromatase inhibitors, fluoroquinolones, glucocorticoids, and statins.

Do tendons grow back together after surgery? ›

The treatment for a full tendon rupture may include surgery if the ends of the tendon have separated far apart. In some cases, where the tendon ends have not moved that far, they can grow back together if your injured body part is immobilized for several weeks.

What happens if a tendon rupture is left untreated? ›

Left untreated, injuries like partial tendon tears can become full ruptures that leave no connection between bones and muscle. Achilles tendon ruptures and ACL ruptures can disable your ability to put weight on your legs, bend or straighten your knees, stand on tiptoe, or walk with a normal heel-to-toe stride.

Can autoimmune cause tendonitis? ›

When tendons get inflamed or irritated, this is commonly referred to as tendinitis. Most of the time, overuse or repetitive movement of a limb causes the tendon to get inflamed or irritated. Other conditions such as autoimmune disease or infections may cause this sort of inflammation as well.

Is there a link between stress and arthritis? ›

The longer you're exposed to stress, the more destructive the inflammation can become. In a PLoS One study, people with RA identified stress as a trigger for disease flare-ups. Arthritis symptoms contribute to stress, especially when they're unrelenting. Constant pain, fatigue, and poor sleep create a vicious cycle.

Is heat good for tendonitis? ›

Heat may be more helpful for chronic tendon pain, often called tendinopathy or tendinosis. Heat can increase blood flow, which may help promote healing of the tendon. Heat also relaxes muscles, which can relieve pain.

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