What to Expect After a Myopathy Diagnosis (2022)

Myopathy is a term used to describe diseases of the muscle. If you have been diagnosed with myopathy, or if you are currently being evaluated for possible myopathy, there is a strong chance that you have not heard about myopathy until now, because it is not as common as other medical conditions.

You may have questions about the diagnostic process, what you should anticipate in terms of prognosis and treatment, and whether other members of your family might also be at risk of myopathy.

What to Expect After a Myopathy Diagnosis (1)

Overview

Myopathy refers to adisease of the muscles. In these cases, the muscles work less effectively than they should.That can occur when the muscles do not develop properly, when they have become damaged, or when they are lacking important components.

Muscles normally work by contracting, which means becoming shorter. A muscle is composed of proteins and other structural components that move in a coordinated manner to contract the muscle. When any of these components is defective, this may cause myopathy.

There are a number of different causes of muscle disease, and consequently, there are a number of different myopathies. Each of the different myopathies has its own specific name, cause, set of diagnostic tests, anticipated prognosis, and treatment.

Some myopathies are expected to worsen over time, while some are fairly stable. Several myopathies are hereditary, and many are not.

Types of Myopathy

Congenital myopathy means myopathy that a person is born with. Many of these conditions are believed to be hereditary and passed on from parents to children through genetics.

While the symptoms of congenital myopathies often begin at a very young age, that is not always the case. Sometimes a hereditary medical illness does not begin to produce symptoms until a person is a teenager or even an adult.

Inherited

Inherited myopathies include:

  • Mitochondrial myopathy:This is a disease caused by a defect in the energy-producing part of the cell, the mitochondria. There are several types of mitochondrial myopathy. While they can be caused by hereditary mutations (abnormalities in the genes) they can also occur without any family history.
  • Metabolic myopathy:This group of diseases is caused by metabolic problems that interfere with muscle function. There are a number of hereditary metabolic myopathies caused by defects in the genes that code for certain enzymes that are necessary for normal muscle movement.
  • Nemaline myopathy:This is a group of disorders characterized by the presence of structures called "nemaline rods" in the muscles. Nemaline myopathy is often associated with respiratory muscle weakness.

Congenital

Congenital myopathies include:

  • Central core myopathy:This is a hereditary myopathy, also called central core disease, that causes weakness, bone problems, and severe reactions to some medications. The severity of this disease varies, causing profound weakness among some people and only mild weakness in others.
  • Muscular dystrophy:This is a group of diseases caused by degeneration of the muscles or abnormally formed muscle cells. Technically, muscular dystrophy is not myopathy, but there is often overlap in the symptoms, and initial evaluation aims to determine which you have.

The main difference between myopathy and muscular dystrophy is that muscles do not function properly in myopathy, whereas the muscles degenerate in muscular dystrophy.

Acquired

Myopathy can also be caused by a variety of illnesses that produce a range of physical problems in addition to issues with muscle contraction.

(Video) Primary mitochondrial myopathy - causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Commonly acquired myopathies include:

  • Inflammatory/ autoimmune myopathy:This occurs when the body attacks itself, causing muscle degeneration or interfering with function. Myopathies characterized by inflammation in or near the muscle include polymyositis, dermatomyositis, sarcoidosis, lupus, and rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Toxic myopathy:This occurs when a toxin, a medication, or a drug impairs muscle structure or function.
  • Endocrine myopathy:This occurs when a disorder of the hormones interferes with muscle function. The most common causes include thyroid or adrenal glandproblems.
  • Infectious myopathy:This may happen when an infection prevents the muscles from functioning properly.
  • Myopathy secondary to electrolyte imbalance:Electrolyte problems, such as excessively high or low potassiumlevels, can interfere with the function of the muscles.

Myopathy Symptoms

In general, myopathy causes muscle weakness. The most common pattern of weakness is proximal weakness. This means that the muscles of the upper arms and upper legs are more obviously weakened than the muscles of the hands or feet.

Sometimes, myopathy weakens the respiratory muscles (muscles that control breathing).

Often, when people have had myopathy for years, muscle atrophy begins to develop. This is a thinning out and wasting away of muscles that further weakens them.

Myopathy is often associated with the abnormal shape of the bones, often because the muscles don't adequately support the bones.

Other characteristics of myopathy include fatigue, lack of energy, and worsening weakness as the day goes on, or progressive weakness with exertion.

Diagnosis

In general, it can take a while to be diagnosed with myopathy. If you have symptoms of myopathy, there is a strong chance that you will get a referral to a neurologist or a rheumatologist, or both, depending on which of your symptoms is most prominent.

Diagnostic testing includes a careful physical evaluation, including examination of your skin, reflexes, muscle strength, balance, and sensation. Your healthcare provider will take a detailed medical history and ask you about your family's medical history.

There are also a number of tests that you may need, depending on your medical history and the findings of your physical examination. These tests include blood tests, such as a complete blood count (CBC) and electrolyte levels.

Other blood tests include erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), which measures inflammation, and the antinuclear antibody test (ANA), which looks for autoimmune activity. Creatine kinase in the blood can evaluate muscle breakdown. Thyroid tests, metabolic, and endocrine tests may be needed.

Another test called an electromyography (EMG) is an electrical test that assesses muscle function through the use of needles that detect several characteristics of your muscle structure and movement.Sometimes, specialized tests such as muscle biopsyand genetic testing can help diagnose certain types of myopathy.

Treatment

When there is an identifiable cause, such as an endocrine problem, correcting the cause can help improve the symptoms of myopathy and prevent it from worsening.

Often, respiratory support is the key component in advanced myopathy, so that your breathing can be safely maintained.

(Video) Myositis (Inflammatory Myopathy) Treatment

Prognosis

In general, congenital myopathy is expected to worsen or stabilize over time and is not typically expected to improve.The myopathies that are not congenital, such as infectious, metabolic, or toxic myopathies, may improve once the cause of the myopathy is well controlled.

If you have a type of myopathy that is not expected to improve, you should pay close attention to issues such as atrophy, pressure sores, and making sure that you maintain optimal participation in physical therapy so that you can function at your best.

Is Myopathy Hereditary?

Yes, some myopathies are hereditary. If you have a hereditary myopathy, then there is a chance that some of your siblings, children, nieces, and nephews, or other relatives could also develop myopathy.

It is important to let your family know about your condition, as an early diagnosis can help them get earlier treatment and supportive care.

A Word From Verywell

Myopathy is not a very common condition. Muscle disease can impair your quality of life. However, many individuals who are diagnosed with myopathy are able to maintain productive lives, including hobbies, physical activities, maintaining satisfying employment, and enjoying a happy family and social life.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • Is there a cure for myopathy?

    No, there is not a cure for myopathy itself. However, it can be treated to improve symptoms. If myopathy is related to an illness, like a virus or electrolyte imbalance, the muscle symptoms will improve when the underlying condition resolves. Immunosuppressants can help relieve symptoms of certain types of myopathy. With many types of chronic myopathy, support such as physical and occupational therapy, dietary management, and speech or swallow therapy is crucial.

  • What causes mitochondrial myopathy?

    Mitochondrial myopathy is caused by genetic mutations. Mitochondrial myopathy affects a cell’s ability to manufacture adenosine triphosphate (ATP), which provides energy for actions such as muscle contraction. When muscles are deprived of ATP, they become fatigued and may be permanently damaged.

    (Video) Scleroderma Associated Myopathy- Diagnosis | Johns Hopkins

11 Sources

(Video) Treatment tips for inflammatory myopathy

Verywell Health uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy.

  1. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. Mitochondrial myopathy fact sheet.

  2. Tarnopolsky MA. Metabolic myopathies. Continuum (Minneap Minn). 2016;22(6):1829-1851. doi:10.1212/CON.0000000000000403

  3. Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (NIH). Nemaline myopathy.

  4. Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (NIH). Central core disease.

  5. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. Muscular dystrophy information page.

  6. Lundberg IE, Miller FW, Tjärnlund A, Bottai M.Diagnosis and classification of idiopathic inflammatory myopathies. Intern Med. 2016;280(1):39-51. doi:10.1111/joim.12524

  7. Pasnoor M, Barohn RJ, Dimachkie MM. Toxic myopathies. Neurol Clin. 2014;32(3):647-70, viii. doi:10.1016/j.ncl.2014.04.009

  8. Katzberg HD, Kassardjian CD. Toxic and endocrine myopathies. Continuum (Minneap Minn). 2016;22(6):1815-1828. doi:10.1212/CON.0000000000000407

  9. Chawla J. Stepwise approach to myopathy in systemic disease. Front Neurol. 2011;2:49. doi:10.3389/fneur.2011.00049

  10. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. Myopathy information page.

  11. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. Mitochondrial myopathy fact sheet.

FAQs

What is the prognosis for patients diagnosed with myopathy? ›

The prognosis for individuals with a myopathy varies. Some individuals have a normal life span and little or no disability. For others, however, the disorder may be progressive, severely disabling, life-threatening, or fatal.

How long does it take to recover from myopathy? ›

Prognosis. Corticosteroid-induced myopathy is reversible, with improvement in myopathy within 3 to 4 weeks of tapering corticosteroids, although recovery can take months to a year. Complications of corticosteroid-induced myopathy include the morbidity and subsequent mortality associated with chronic muscle weakness.

How does myopathy affect daily life? ›

These conditions are a type of myopathy, a disease of the skeletal muscles. Over time, muscles shrink and become weaker, affecting your ability to walk and perform daily activities like brushing your teeth. The disease also can affect your heart and lungs.

How does myopathy affect the body? ›

In general, myopathy causes muscle weakness. The most common pattern of weakness is proximal weakness. This means that the muscles of the upper arms and upper legs are more obviously weakened than the muscles of the hands or feet. Often, when people have had myopathy for years, muscle atrophy begins to develop.

What is the best treatment for myopathy? ›

Most treatments include physical therapy, occupational therapy and some form of exercise. Other treatments are more specific and based on the type of myopathy. In general, most acquired myopathies can be well controlled and treated to minimize weakness and symptoms.

What does myopathy feel like? ›

The common symptoms of myopathy are muscle weakness, impaired function in activities of daily life, and, rarely, muscle pain and tenderness. Significant muscle pain and tenderness without weakness should prompt consideration of other causes.

What are two disorders that cause myopathy? ›

Myopathy is a general medical term used to describe a number of conditions affecting the muscles. All myopathies cause muscle weakness.
...
The four main types of chronic, or long-term, inflammatory myopathies are:
  • polymyositis.
  • dermatomyositis.
  • inclusion body myositis.
  • necrotizing autoimmune myopathy.

Is exercise good for myopathy? ›

Exercise programmes to improve muscle strength, endurance and cardiovascular fitness have an important role in the overall management of patients with myopathy.

Does myopathy affect the brain? ›

Inclusion body myopathy with early-onset Paget disease and frontotemporal dementia (IBMPFD) is a condition that can affect the muscles, bones, and brain. The first symptom of IBMPFD is often muscle weakness (myopathy), which typically appears in mid-adulthood.

What medications are used to treat myopathy? ›

Medication for Inflammatory Myopathies
  • Corticosteroids. These medications suppress inflammation. ...
  • Immunosuppressants. For people whose symptoms cause pain and limit mobility, doctors may prescribe immune-suppressing medications, or immunosuppressants. ...
  • Intravenous Immunoglobulin.

What kind of doctor treats myopathy? ›

Patients with dermatomyositis, polymyositis, or necrotizing myopathy are usually treated by rheumatologists. Those with dermatomyositis may also work with a dermatologist. Those with IBM are often treated by neurologists.

What are other names for myopathy? ›

Other Names for This Condition
  • Myopathies, nemaline.
  • Myopathy, nemaline.
  • Nemaline body disease.
  • Nemaline rod disease.
  • Rod body disease.
  • Rod myopathy.
  • Rod-body myopathy.
Dec 1, 2015

What are the risk factors of myopathy? ›

Risk factors significant for myopathy and/or rhabdomyolysis included age, gender, diabetes, renal impairment, cardiovascular disease, certain interacting drugs, and mutations of the SLCO1B1 gene, which encodes a transporter protein in the liver.

Does myopathy affect the heart? ›

Myopathies are frequently not confined to the skeletal muscles but also involve other organs or tissues. One of the most frequently affected organ in addition to the skeletal muscle is the heart (cardiac involvement, CI).

What drugs can cause myopathy? ›

Direct myotoxicity – Examples include alcohol, cocaine, glucocorticoids, lipid-lowering drugs, antimalarials (which are associated with vacuolar myopathies), colchicine (which is associated with vacuolar myopathies), and zidovudine (which causes a mitochondrial myopathy).

What is myopathy of the legs? ›

Miyoshi myopathy is a muscle disorder that begins with weakness in the muscles that are located away from the center of the body (distal muscles), such as those in the legs. During early to mid-adulthood, affected individuals typically begin to experience muscle weakness and wasting (atrophy) in one or both calves.

What muscles are affected by myopathy? ›

Symptoms of Myopathy

Cramping, stiffness, and soreness can also occur. Some myopathies can affect muscles in the hands or feet, or facial and eye muscles. In some cases, the problem can affect the heart and breathing muscles.

How is myopathy caused? ›

Many myopathies, including dermatomyositis and polymyositis, are the result of inflammation from an overactive immune system. Many others are genetic, with the disorder inherited from earlier generations. Finally, some medical conditions, such as thyroid disorders, can result in myopathies.

What is positive and negative symptoms in myopathy? ›

Myopathies can manifest with either “negative” or “positive” symptoms. Negative symptoms include muscle weakness, exercise intolerance, and fatigue, whereas the positive symptoms usually encompass cramps and myalgias with occasional contractures, as well as myotonia, and myoglobinuria.

How do you test for myopathy? ›

Doctors use a blood test to look for elevated levels of a substance called creatine kinase, which is released into the bloodstream when muscle fibers deteriorate. Elevated levels may mean you have an inflammatory myopathy.

Where is myopathy located? ›

Myopathy refers to skeletal and cardiac muscle dysfunction from various inherited, metabolic, inflammatory, infectious, or toxic etiologies. Patients typically present with proximal muscle weakness of legs more than arms, with no sensory involvement.

Does myopathy cause joint pain? ›

The primary symptom of idiopathic inflammatory myopathy is muscle weakness, which develops gradually over a period of weeks to months or even years. Other symptoms include joint pain and general tiredness (fatigue).

What blood test shows muscle damage? ›

Repeated blood tests for the muscle protein creatine kinase (CK or creatine phosphokinase [CPK]) are the only accurate test for rhabdo. A healthcare provider can do a blood test for CK: The muscle protein CK enters the bloodstream when muscle tissue is damaged. When rhabdo is present, CK levels will rise.

What's the difference between neuropathy and myopathy? ›

but in general it is a good thing to know about.
...
The College Answer from 2010.
NeuropathyMyopathy
AtrophyPresentAbsent until late
CK levelNormalElevated
Nerve conductionSlowedNormal
EMGFibrillations and fasciculationsSmall motor units
2 more rows
Jun 8, 2020

How do I strengthen myopathy muscles? ›

Strength-training programmes, incorporating isometric, isotonic or isokinetic exercise, have been shown to improve muscle strength in the short term, without evidence of increased muscle damage using biochemical markers.

Can myopathy be cured or treated? ›

The chronic inflammatory myopathies can't be cured in most adults but many of the symptoms can be treated. Options include medication, physical therapy, and rest. Polymyositis, dermatomyositis, and necrotizing autoimmune nmyopathy are first treated with high doses of corticosteroid drugs such as prednisone.

Does walking help myositis? ›

A 15-minute walk was also recommended for program participants. The results of this study were very positive: Disease activity did not get worse. Average CPK level was the same before and after completing the study.

What is critical myopathy? ›

Critical illness myopathy (CIM) and neuropathy are underdiagnosed conditions within the intensive care setting and contribute to prolonged mechanical ventilation and ventilator wean failure and ultimately lead to significant morbidity and mortality.

What is a progressive myopathy? ›

Acquired myopathies are a diverse group of disorders in which the primary symptom is muscle weakness. Muscle dysfunction most commonly produces progressive weakness of the arms and legs.

What's the difference between myopathy and myositis? ›

Myopathies cause problems with the muscles you use for voluntary movements such as walking or trying to grab something. Patients often have muscle stiffness or weakness. Myositis: This is a type of myopathy that causes inflammation of your muscles, leading to weakness, swelling and pain.

Can you live a normal life with myositis? ›

While sporadic inclusion body myositis is a progressive disease, life expectancy for those with sIBM is usually the same as for those without the disease. In fact, IBM patients usually don't die from the disease, but from complications (often preventable) that are associated with it.

Is myopathy a terminal? ›

Clinically, muscular dystrophies are typically progressive, because the muscles' ability to regenerate is eventually lost, leading to progressive weakness, often leading to use of a wheelchair, and eventually death, usually related to respiratory weakness.

What are two disorders that cause myopathy? ›

Myopathy is a general medical term used to describe a number of conditions affecting the muscles. All myopathies cause muscle weakness.
...
The four main types of chronic, or long-term, inflammatory myopathies are:
  • polymyositis.
  • dermatomyositis.
  • inclusion body myositis.
  • necrotizing autoimmune myopathy.

Does myopathy affect the brain? ›

Inclusion body myopathy with early-onset Paget disease and frontotemporal dementia (IBMPFD) is a condition that can affect the muscles, bones, and brain. The first symptom of IBMPFD is often muscle weakness (myopathy), which typically appears in mid-adulthood.

What are the risk factors of myopathy? ›

Risk factors significant for myopathy and/or rhabdomyolysis included age, gender, diabetes, renal impairment, cardiovascular disease, certain interacting drugs, and mutations of the SLCO1B1 gene, which encodes a transporter protein in the liver.

Is exercise good for myopathy? ›

Exercise programmes to improve muscle strength, endurance and cardiovascular fitness have an important role in the overall management of patients with myopathy.

Myopathy is a general term that refers to diseases that attack muscle fibers, making your muscles weak.

Myopathy refers to diseases that affect skeletal muscles (muscles that connect to your bones).. Inherited myopathies Inherited myopathies are those that you’re born with, often from inheriting an abnormal gene mutation from a parent that causes the disease.. Congenital myopathies are somewhat unique compared with other inherited myopathies, as weakness typically affects all muscles (not just proximal [closest to the center of your body] ones) and is often not progressive.. Acquired myopathies Acquired myopathies develop later in life and can be due to other medical disorders, infections, exposure to certain medications or electrolyte imbalances, among other possibilities.. Autoimmune/inflammatory myopathies are diseases in which your body attacks itself, causing problems with muscle function.. Toxic myopathy happens when a toxin or medication interferes with muscle structure or function.. Infectious myopathies occur as the result of infections that affect muscle function.. Critical illness myopathy is a disease of your limbs and the muscles that help you breathe (respiratory muscles).. Most myopathies share the common symptom of symmetric muscle weakness (similar on both sides of your body), especially in proximal muscles.. Blood tests: Muscle enzymes such as creatine kinase (CK) or aldolase may be elevated in certain myopathies as a result of the breakdown of muscle fibers.. After determining your specific type of myopathy, your healthcare provider will develop a treatment plan specific to your symptoms.. Inherited and genetic myopathies Most inherited and genetic myopathies don’t have a specific treatment or cure.. Other acquired myopathies Healthcare providers manage acquired myopathies including endocrine, toxic and infectious myopathies by treating the underlying disease causing the myopathy.. Since there are many types of myopathies, your healthcare provider has to put together a treatment approach specific to your myopathy and its symptoms.

Muskelschwäche kann ein Symptom für Myopathie sein. Finden Sie die Ursachen, Symptome, diagnostischen Tests, Prognosen und Behandlungsmöglichkeiten der Myopathie heraus.

Wenn bei Ihnen Myopathie diagnostiziert wurde oder wenn Sie derzeit auf eine mögliche Myopathie untersucht werden, besteht eine hohe Wahrscheinlichkeit, dass Sie bisher noch nichts von Myopathie gehört haben, da diese nicht so häufig ist wie andere Erkrankungen.. Dies bedeutet, dass die Muskeln der Oberarme und Oberschenkel offensichtlicher geschwächt sind als die Muskeln der Hände oder Füße.. Wenn Menschen seit Jahren an Myopathie leiden, beginnt sich häufig eine Muskelatrophie zu entwickeln, die das Ausdünnen und Verschwenden von Muskeln bedeutet und die Kraft der Muskeln noch mehr schwächt.. Ein weiterer Test, der als Elektromyographie (EMG) bezeichnet wird, ist ein elektrischer Test, bei dem die Muskelfunktion mithilfe von Nadeln bewertet wird, mit denen verschiedene Merkmale Ihrer Muskelstruktur und -bewegung erfasst werden.. Mitochondriale Myopathie : Dies ist eine Krankheit, die durch einen Defekt im Energie produzierenden Teil der Zelle, den Mitochondrien, verursacht wird.. Metabolische Myopathie : Dies ist eine Gruppe von Krankheiten, die durch Stoffwechselprobleme verursacht werden, die die Funktion eines Muskels beeinträchtigen.. Es gibt eine Reihe verschiedener erblicher metabolischer Myopathien, die durch Defekte in den Genen verursacht werden, die für bestimmte Enzyme kodieren, die für eine normale Muskelbewegung erforderlich sind.. Nemaline Myopathie : Dies ist eine Gruppe von Störungen, die durch das Vorhandensein von Strukturen gekennzeichnet sind, die als "nemaline Stäbchen" in den Muskeln bezeichnet werden.. Der Hauptunterschied zwischen Myopathie und Muskeldystrophie besteht darin, dass die Muskeln bei Myopathie nicht richtig funktionieren, während die Muskeln bei Muskeldystrophie degenerieren.. Entzündliche / Autoimmunmyopathie : Dies tritt auf, wenn der Körper sich selbst angreift, eine Degeneration der Muskeln verursacht oder die Muskelfunktion beeinträchtigt.. Toxische Myopathie : Dies tritt auf, wenn ein Toxin, ein Medikament oder ein Medikament die Muskelstruktur oder -funktion beeinträchtigt.. Im Allgemeinen wird erwartet, dass sich die angeborene Myopathie im Laufe der Zeit verschlechtert oder stabilisiert, und es wird normalerweise nicht erwartet, dass sie sich verbessert.. Wenn Sie an einer Art von Myopathie leiden, von der keine Besserung erwartet wird, sollten Sie besonders auf Themen wie Atrophie, Druckstellen achten und sicherstellen, dass Sie optimal an der Physiotherapie teilnehmen, damit Sie optimal funktionieren können.. B. ein endokrines Problem, kann die Behebung der Ursache dazu beitragen, die Symptome der Myopathie zu verbessern oder zumindest eine Verschlechterung zu verhindern.

Η μυϊκή αδυναμία μπορεί να είναι σύμπτωμα μυοπάθειας. Μάθετε τα αίτια, τα συμπτώματα, τις διαγνωστικές εξετάσεις, την πρόγνωση και τις επιλογές θεραπείας της μυοπάθειας.

Μπορεί να έχετε ερωτήσεις σχετικά με τη διαγνωστική διαδικασία, τι πρέπει να προβλέψετε όσον αφορά την πρόγνωση και τη θεραπεία και εάν άλλα μέλη της οικογένειάς σας ενδέχεται επίσης να διατρέχουν κίνδυνο μυοπάθειας.. Συχνά, όταν οι άνθρωποι είχαν μυοπάθεια για χρόνια, η μυϊκή ατροφία αρχίζει να αναπτύσσεται, η οποία είναι η αραίωση και η σπατάλη των μυών, εξασθενίζοντας ακόμη περισσότερο τη δύναμη των μυών.. Τεχνικά, η μυϊκή δυστροφία δεν είναι μυοπάθεια, αλλά συχνά υπάρχει επικάλυψη των συμπτωμάτων και επομένως μπορεί αρχικά να πάρετε ιατρική αξιολόγηση που στοχεύει στον προσδιορισμό του εάν έχετε μυοπάθεια ή μυϊκή δυστροφία.. Εάν έχετε έναν τύπο μυοπάθειας που δεν αναμένεται να βελτιωθεί, θα πρέπει να δώσετε ιδιαίτερη προσοχή σε ζητήματα όπως η ατροφία, οι πληγές της πίεσης και να βεβαιωθείτε ότι διατηρείτε τη βέλτιστη συμμετοχή στη φυσιοθεραπεία, ώστε να μπορείτε να λειτουργείτε καλύτερα.. Μερικές από τις μυοπάθειες που δεν θεωρούνται συγκεκριμένα συγγενείς ή κληρονομικές μπορεί να έχουν την τάση να τρέχουν σε οικογένειες, οπότε η οικογένειά σας μπορεί να διατρέχει αυξημένο κίνδυνο ακόμη και αν έχετε μυοπάθεια που δεν είναι γνωστό ότι είναι κληρονομική.

М'язова слабкість може бути симптомом міопатії. З’ясуйте причини, симптоми, діагностичні тести, прогноз та варіанти лікування міопатії.

Це означає, що м’язи надпліч та гомілок більш очевидно ослаблені, ніж м’язи рук або ніг.. Часто, коли люди роками страждають міопатією, починає розвиватися атрофія м’язів, яка полягає в витонченні та виснаженні м’язів, що ще більше послаблює силу м’язів.. Якщо у вас є симптоми міопатії, існує велика ймовірність того, що ви отримаєте направлення до невролога чи ревматолога, або до обох, залежно від того, який із ваших симптомів є найбільш помітним.. Інший тест, який називається електроміографія (ЕМГ) - це електричний тест, який оцінює функцію м’язів за допомогою голок, які виявляють кілька характеристик вашої м’язової структури та руху.. Технічно, м’язова дистрофія не є міопатією, однак симптоми часто збігаються, і тому спочатку ви можете отримати медичну оцінку, спрямовану на визначення того, чи є у вас міопатія чи м’язова дистрофія.. Основна відмінність між міопатією та м’язовою дистрофією полягає в тому, що м’язи при міопатії не функціонують належним чином, тоді як м’язи дегенерують при м’язовій дистрофії.. Запальна / аутоімунна міопатія : Це відбувається, коли організм атакує себе, викликаючи дегенерацію м’язів або перешкоджаючи роботі м’язів.. Якщо у вас є тип міопатії, який, як очікується, не покращиться, вам слід приділити пильну увагу таким питанням, як атрофія, пролежні та переконатися, що ви підтримуєте оптимальну участь у фізичній терапії, щоб ви могли найкраще функціонувати.. Якщо у вас є спадкова міопатія, то існує ймовірність того, що у деяких із ваших братів і сестер, дітей, племінниць та племінників чи інших родичів міопатія також може розвинутися.. Деякі міопатії, які спеціально не вважаються вродженими чи спадковими, все ще можуть схильні до перебігу в сім'ях, тому ваша сім'я може зазнати підвищеного ризику, навіть якщо у вас є міопатія, яка, як відомо, не є спадковою.

Stage 1 lung cancer symptoms include chest pain and persistent coughing. Learn what to expect emotionally and physically from a recent diagnosis.

The prognosis for stage 1 lung cancer is promising, with the five-year survival rate for stage 1 non-small cell lung cancers ranging between 76% and 92%.. Others do experience symptoms including:. NED means that imaging tests cannot detect cancer in the body, and the patient is symptom-free.. Journal : Writing your thoughts and feelings can help you process your emotions and experiences.. Talk with your cancer care team : Your healthcare providers can connect you with mental health specialists to help you cope with physical and emotional changes.. Lung cancer recurrence means cancer has returned to the lungs or another area of the body.. Stage 1 lung cancer is when small tumors are detected within the lung and have not spread to nearby lymph nodes or other body areas.. Lung cancer detected in its early stages is most responsive to treatment, and many people with the diagnosis go on to live cancer-free.. A lung cancer diagnosis can impact both your physical and emotional health.. Ask your healthcare provider about what to expect regarding treatment and support options.. Many people with stage 1 lung cancer do not experience symptoms.

Distal muscular dystrophy is the name of a group of progressive disorders that leads to weakness in the distal muscles.

This article will provide an overview of distal muscular dystrophy, including the different types of DD, the causes, symptoms, and diagnosis and treatment options.. While DD is a type of distal myopathy, there are also several subtypes of DD.. Distal myopathy with vocal cord and pharyngeal weakness : Symptoms usually start between ages 35 and 60 with weakness in the hands, legs, and voice, as well as difficulty swallowing.. These are also known as the distal muscles.. While other muscles may be affected over time, cognition and intellect are not affected by DD.. Different types of DD can affect different groups of muscles, causing varying symptoms, particularly as the condition progresses.. Diagnosing any type of muscular dystrophy involves first taking a detailed medical and family history, and doing a physical exam.. This test shows that it’s the muscles that are being affected by the weakness.. Therapies can include:. The specific activities can vary depending on the area of muscle weakness.. In Laing distal myopathy, the progression is so slow that even into an individual's 60s, wheelchairs or mobility aids are not needed.. Although there is no cure for these conditions, treatment involves addressing the symptoms present with therapies to help with muscle strength.

This can mean people need support at different stages – whether they are the person with dementia or they are helping to support and care for a family member or friend.. Your care plan sets out what sort of care you and the people who care for you might need.. Your care plan should give you the name of the person who will coordinate all the different support you should get.. A care coordinator is also sometimes called a care navigator.. make sure your health is monitored look at your care plan with you at least once a year to make sure you are getting support make sure you know about the help you can get work with your family or friends to make sure you are getting the help you need. Your dementia care plan should link to any other care plans for other conditions.. You and your care coordinator should talk about which health and care staff you would like to know about your diagnosis.. As things change over time, you and your care coordinator can review your care plan.. Your care plan can cover the care you would like in the later stages of dementia.. You can ask your care coordinator or your local council for more information about setting up a lasting power of attorney or making an advance statement.. If you are unhappy with the help you are getting you should tell your care coordinator or someone else who looks after your health and social care.. Your care plan should include how you want to be cared for at the end of your life and the place where you would like to be when you die.

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